Authors: Fahimeh Foudazi; Mugendi M'Rithaa
Addresses: Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Informatics and Design, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, P.O. Box 652, Cape Town 8000, South Africa ' Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Informatics and Design, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, P.O. Box 652, Cape Town 8000, South Africa
Abstract: The energy demand in building sectors for summer air-conditioning is growing exponentially due to global warming, increased living standards and occupant comfort demands throughout the last decades. Concerns over these environmental changes have begun shifting the emphasis from current cooling methods, to 'sustainable strategies' of achieving equally comfortable conditions in building interiors. Study of ancient strategies applied by vernacular architecture shows how the indigenously clean energies to satisfy the cooling need were used. One of the most important influences on vernacular architecture is the macro-climate of the area in which the building is constructed. Not only vernacular structure but also the recent development in solar and geothermal cooling technologies could be used for environmental control needs. Intelligent coupling of these methods as alternative design strategies could help developing countries, such as South Africa, toward sustainable development in air-conditioning of buildings.
Keywords: cooling systems; passive energy; residential buildings; vernacular architecture; sustainability; South Africa; sustainable cooling; sustainable development; energy demand; building sector; air conditioning; solar cooling; geothermal cooling; environmental control; developing countries.
International Journal of Sustainable Development, 2013 Vol.16 No.3/4, pp.246 - 268
Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021
Published online: 27 Sep 2013 *