Title: Bayesian knowledge modelling for healthcare practices

Authors: Eugene Santos Jr; Keum Joo Kim; Fei Yu; Deqing Li; Joseph Rosen

Addresses: Dartmouth College, Thayer School of Engineering, 8000 Cummings Hall, Hanover, NH 03755-8000, USA ' Dartmouth College, Thayer School of Engineering, 8000 Cummings Hall, Hanover, NH 03755-8000, USA ' Dartmouth College, Thayer School of Engineering, 8000 Cummings Hall, Hanover, NH 03755-8000, USA ' Dartmouth College, Thayer School of Engineering, 8000 Cummings Hall, Hanover, NH 03755-8000, USA ' Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA

Abstract: Healthcare situations are ever increasingly complex: team performance can easily deteriorate when medical procedures are delivered by teams composed of individuals having different intentions. In fact, medical errors resulting in catastrophic outcomes are often due to the conflicting goals, plans, or intentions among those individuals who make up teams. To improve patient safety, we propose a computational framework to model and simulate the healthcare professional's decision-making processes. We also provide a methodology to evaluate team performance by analysing gaps among individuals whose goals are deduced from their perceptions and observations through intent inferencing. In particular, we focus on the dynamic changes in the healthcare professionals' decision-making processes when the patient condition is changing over time, while accounting for the various healthcare providers' individual differences. Understanding, analysing and aiding individuals to make better decisions for improving patient safety by providing a state-of-the-art computational approach is our ultimate research goal.

Keywords: Bayesian knowledge modelling; healthcare practices; healthcare teams; intent inferencing; clinical decision making; gap analysis; medical errors; team performance; teamwork; patient safety.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSPM.2013.055207

International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling, 2013 Vol.8 No.1, pp.52 - 65

Available online: 22 Jul 2013 *

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