Title: Towards an FPGA implementation and performance evaluation of a digital carrier synchronizer with a portable emulation environment
Authors: Asif Iqbal Ahmed; Sayed Hafizur Rahman; Otmane Ait-Mohamed; Sa'ed Abed
Addresses: Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. W., Montreal H3G 1M8, Canada ' Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. W., Montreal H3G 1M8, Canada ' Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. W., Montreal H3G 1M8, Canada ' Department of Computer Engineering, Hashemite University, PO Box 150459, Zarqa 13115, Jordan
Abstract: The work addresses the implementation and performance analysis of a Digital Carrier Synchronizer (DCS), which is a Phase-Locked Loop (PLL), realized using digital circuits. The DCS function is heavily dependent on the Numerically Controlled Oscillator (NCO) and the Loop Filter (LF). The paper examines the performance of two different NCOs and LFs realisation in DCS for modem application. The methods presented are Look Up Table (LUT) and Xilinx ROM based NCO for 1st order and 2nd order based LF. We also developed a mathematical model of DCS and analyzed the performance based on stability, locking-time and tracking range. We propose a synthesizable and portable FPGA emulation environment of a DCS. Moreover, we have developed the DCS architecture with respect to a frequency based mathematical model. Finally, our emulation technique is not only involved with the DCS but also can be customized for any data synchronization system that respects the mathematical model.
Keywords: digital carrier synchronizer; FPGA emulation; numerically controlled oscillators; loop filters; AC-DC converters; phase locked loop; FPGA implementation; performance evaluation; portable emulation; mathematical modelling; field programmable gate arrays.
International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology, 2012 Vol.45 No.1, pp.66 - 76
Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021
Published online: 28 Oct 2012 *