Title: Home composting of organic waste - part 1: effect of home composter design

Authors: Bijaya K. Adhikari; Anne Trémier; José Martinez; Suzelle Barrington

Addresses: UR GERE, 17 avenue du Cucillé, CS 64427, F-35044, Rennes, France; Department of Bioresource Engineering, Macdonald Campus of McGill University, 21 111 Lakeshore, Ste Anne de Bellevue, QC H9X 3V9, Canada. ' UR GERE, 17 avenue du Cucillé, CS 64427, F-35044, Rennes, France; Université Européenne de Bretagne, Rennes, France. ' UR GERE, 17 avenue du Cucillé, CS 64427, F-35044, Rennes, France; Université Européenne de Bretagne, Rennes, France. ' UR GERE, 17 avenue du Cucillé, CS 64427, F-35044, Rennes, France; Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve, Montréal, QC H3G 1M8, Canada

Abstract: Worldwide, health and environmental considerations encourage landfill diversion of the organic fraction (OW) of municipal solid wastes, through alternative such as home composting. Of poor sanitation, and trace element and toxic hydrocarbon content (PAH) documentation, this study compared against a laboratory composter (LR), the performance (temperature regime and compost quality) of four 300 to 400 L home composting systems (HC), namely the Plastic (P) and Wood (W) Bins, the Rotary Drum (RD) and the Ground Pile (GP). All were batch loaded with the same food waste (FW) and yard trimmings (YT) mixture for uniform testing. The P and GP performed best in terms of temperature regime, followed by W and LR, while all demonstrated similar dry and organic matter and chemical oxygen demand except for RD with a higher dry matter because of poor aeration. All composts respected regulatory pathogen/parasite counts, trace element and PAH levels.

Keywords: organic waste; home composters; compost quality; MSW; municipal solid waste; composter design; composting; solid waste management; waste disposal.

DOI: 10.1504/IJETM.2012.049238

International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 2012 Vol.15 No.3/4/5/6, pp.417 - 437

Published online: 25 Sep 2012 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article