Authors: K. Venkata Subbaiah, K.G. Durga Prasad, K. Narayana Rao
Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India. ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Gandi Institute of Technology and Management, Visakhapatnam, India. ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government Polytechnic, Visakhapatnam, India
Abstract: Quality function deployment (QFD) is a customer-driven strategic product-planning tool which translates the customer needs (CNs) into design requirements (DRs). During the implementation of QFD approach, certain shortcomings are encountered. One of the major difficulties in using QFD is the complexity in the construction of house of quality (HOQ) when the customer needs portion is of unreasonable size. Factor analysis is used in the proposed methodology to resolve this problem. Another drawback is the scope for existence of conceptual gap between CNs and DRs, as the priority structure of CNs is developed through assigning different importance weights for CNs based on QFD team members| direct experience with the customers. In this paper, conjoint analysis is adopted to bridge the gap. Sometimes the CNs and DRs are not independent and linear. To address interdependencies between CNs and DRs as well as the intra-dependence among them, the methodology of analytic network process is employed in the present work to build HOQ for product planning. A case study on domestic refrigerator is presented to illustrate the proposed methodology.
Keywords: quality function deployment; QFD; house of quality; factor analysis; conjoint analysis; ANP; analytical network process; customer needs; design requirements; customer-driven planning; product planning; conceptual gaps; importance weights; interdependencies; intra-dependence; domestic refrigerators; India; productivity; quality management.
International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, 2011 Vol.7 No.3, pp.374 - 394
Published online: 31 Mar 2011 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article