Title: Simultaneous removal of parathion and methyl parathion by genetically engineered Escherichia coli in a biofilter treating polluted air
Authors: Lin Li, Chao Yang, Yaqi He, Chuanling Qiao, Junxin Liu
Addresses: Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China. ' State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. ' School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University, Beijing 100872, China. ' State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. ' Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
Abstract: A biofilter inoculated with a genetically engineered Escherichia coli strain was successfully applied to treat air streams containing a mixture of parathion and methyl parathion (MP). Average removal efficiencies of 95.2% for parathion and 98.6% for MP were obtained during the overall operation period. Compared with conventional biofilters, the biofilter inoculated with the engineered E. coli BL21 was far more effective, especially in the initial stages. Parathion and MP could be treated simultaneously within one biofilter. Metabolite analysis revealed that parathion and MP were hydrolysed to p-Nitrophenol (PNP). Additionally, nitrate and sulphate were detected during the biofilter operation. The biofilter performance and microbial community were also assessed and characterised.
Keywords: waste gas treatment; biofilters; genetically engineered microorganisms; organophosphorus pesticides; methyl parathion; parathion; air pollution; air quality; genetic engineering; Escherichia coli; E. coli.
International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2011 Vol.45 No.1/2/3, pp.3 - 14
Published online: 16 Mar 2011 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article