Title: Evaluation of wind power integration practices in Germany

Authors: W. Schulz, E. Handschin, C. Rehtanz

Addresses: Power Systems and Power Economics, University of Dortmund, D-44221, Germany. ' Power Systems and Power Economics, University of Dortmund, D-44221, Germany. ' Power Systems and Power Economics, University of Dortmund, D-44221, Germany

Abstract: With over 20, 6 GW installed wind capacity, Germany is the world leader in this domain. Integration of power, stochastically produced by thousands of wind converters requires extensive legislative and operational regulation. In Germany, this is actually done by the Renewable Energy Act (Bundestag, 2004) and several derived agreements (i.e. VDN, 2005a,b, 2006) among the affected parties. In this paper, the German integration practices are evaluated from an economical perspective.

Keywords: balancing energy; operating reserve; wind energy; wholesale electricity market; wind power integration; Germany; legislation; regulation; economic development.

DOI: 10.1504/IJETP.2008.019061

International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, 2008 Vol.6 No.3, pp.298 - 310

Available online: 28 Jun 2008 *

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