Title: Towards Factory 4.0? Convergence and divergence of lean models in Italian automotive plants
Authors: Angelo Moro; Maria Enrica Virgillito
Addresses: Cesaer (INRAE), Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 26, Bd Docteur Petitjean, BP 87999, 21079 Dijon Cedex, France; ARTES 4.0 – Advanced Robotics and Enabling Digital Technologies & Systems 4.0, Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, 56025 Pontedera (PI), Italy ' Institute of Economics, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Piazza Martiri della Libertà 33, 56127 Pisa, Italy
Abstract: This paper studies the interplay in terms of techno-organisational change between the adoption of I4.0 technologies and lean production systems. Leveraging on the results of two field-work analyses conducted under a collaboration with the Sabattini Foundation and the metal workers trade union FIOM in the period 2016-2018, we compare an ensemble of factories producing both high-end/highly customised and low-end products. Emerging patterns of convergence and divergence in the techno-organisational configurations of these factories confirm that this wave of technological innovation is far from leading to total automation or the digital revolution. On the contrary, it appears to be integrated into the historical trend of 'leanification' of production processes in the automotive sector, despite the organisational variety shaped by the actual implementation of this production model.
Keywords: Industry 4.0; lean production; automotive; work organisation; technological innovation; organisational innovation.
International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, 2022 Vol.22 No.2, pp.245 - 271
Received: 23 Oct 2021
Accepted: 09 Jan 2022
Published online: 25 Jul 2022 *