Authors: Windinkonté Séogo; W. Jean-Pierre Sawadogo; Pam Zahonogo
Addresses: Centre Universitaire Polytechnique de Kaya (CUPK), Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso ' Université Thomas SANKARA, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso ' Université Thomas SANKARA, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Abstract: This study analyses the technical efficiency of 881 maize farmers across two agro ecological zones of Burkina Faso: the Sudano-Sahelian zone and the Pre-Guinean zone. A stochastic meta-frontier approach is followed to deal with technology heterogeneity across zones. The results reveal that farmers in the Pre-Guinean zone are more efficient (55.38%) than those in the Sudano-Sahelian zone (54.25%). It is also observed that chemical fertilisers have a positive effect on maize production in the Pre-Guinean zone whereas in the Sudano-Sahelian zone, manure is the main fertiliser stimulating maize production. The results suggest to consider agro ecological factors in implementing agricultural policies.
Keywords: technical efficiency; stochastic meta-frontier approach; agro ecological zones; Burkina Faso.
African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, 2021 Vol.8 No.4, pp.275 - 290
Received: 01 Jul 2020
Accepted: 11 Dec 2020
Published online: 27 Oct 2021 *