Title: Examining gendered variations in the internationalisation of businesses

Authors: Golshan Javadian; Darlington Richards

Addresses: Graves School of Business, Morgan State University, 1700 East Cold Spring Ln., Baltimore, MD 21251, USA ' Graves School of Business, Morgan State University, 1700 East Cold Spring Ln., Baltimore, MD 21251, USA

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to examine gendered variations in the internationalisation of businesses utilising the gender-aware framework. Using Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data, we examined our hypotheses across 70 countries. We found no gender differences in the internationalisation of businesses owned by entrepreneurs who were between the ages of 18-29. We also discovered that gender differences only exist in a few countries and in certain specific industries. This research contributes to women entrepreneurship literature by revealing the circumstances in which female-owned businesses internationalise to the same extent or even at a higher level than male-owned businesses.

Keywords: development; gender; internationalisation; gender-aware framework; management.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMED.2020.107399

International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, 2020 Vol.19 No.2, pp.126 - 148

Received: 09 Apr 2019
Accepted: 12 Nov 2019

Published online: 22 May 2020 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article