PLS-SEM or CB-SEM: updated guidelines on which method to use
by Joe F. Hair Jr.; Lucy M. Matthews; Ryan L. Matthews; Marko Sarstedt
International Journal of Multivariate Data Analysis (IJMDA), Vol. 1, No. 2, 2017

Abstract: Numerous statistical methods are available for social researchers. Therefore, knowing the appropriate technique can be a challenge. For example, when considering structural equation modelling (SEM), selecting between covariance-based (CB-SEM) and variance-based partial least squares (PLS-SEM) can be challenging. This paper applies the same theoretical measurement and structural models and dataset to conduct a direct comparison. The findings reveal that when using CB-SEM, many indicators are removed to achieve acceptable goodness-of-fit, when compared to PLS-SEM. Also, composite reliability and convergent validity were typically higher using PLS-SEM, but other metrics such as discriminant validity and beta coefficients are comparable. Finally, when comparing variance explained in the dependent variable indicators, PLS-SEM was substantially better than CB-SEM. Updated guidelines assist researchers in determining whether CB-SEM or PLS-SEM is the most appropriate method to use.

Online publication date: Fri, 20-Oct-2017

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