The full text of this article


Dynamic efficiency of German dairy farms under uncertainty
by Silke Hüttel; Rashmi Narayana; Christina Wagner; Martin Odening
International Journal of Business Performance Management (IJBPM), Vol. 18, No. 4, 2017


Abstract: Output and price uncertainty determines the optimal allocation of variable inputs, and by the same token, firms' long-term adjustment of quasi-fixed factors. Dynamic efficiency measures, however, have thus far ignored uncertainty. To address this gap we present a model for dynamic efficiency measurement that combines a shadow cost approach with a stochastic dynamic cost-minimisation. We apply this model to western German dairy farm-level data from 1996-2010. We find that farms are more efficient in the long-run factor adjustment compared to the short-run, though they exhibit sensitivity to uncertainty. Neglecting uncertainty will overestimate average inefficiency and thus farms may appear seemingly inefficient.

Online publication date: Wed, 30-Aug-2017


is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Business Performance Management (IJBPM):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:


    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email