Real-time tools for situational awareness and emergency management in transport infrastructures
by Laura Coconea; Uberto Delprato; David Prior; Guido Albertengo; Phil Blythe; Gareth Evans; Dan Brennan
International Journal of Mobile Network Design and Innovation (IJMNDI), Vol. 5, No. 4, 2014

Abstract: Critical transport infrastructures such as interchanges, long tunnels and bridges represent the most vulnerable environments within a transportation network; they are characterised by limited access/egress points and high volumes of users in close confines. A number of factors must be addressed to ensure maximum safety of both travellers and emergency service personnel; these include emergency preparedness, timely support for the decision-making process, and planning of optimal interventions in emergency management situations. This paper discusses the integration of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and virtual reality (VR) to support the self-evacuation of travellers and operational procedures of rescue personnel within these environments, focusing on two key aspects of emergency operations: 1) collecting real-time data; 2) improving the timeliness of first responders through efficient provision of the collected data. Testimonials, technical results and recommendations collated from two pilot installations realised within the EU-funded SAVE ME project demonstrate the qualitative and quantitative impact of such an approach on emergency situation management.

Online publication date: Fri, 23-Jan-2015

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