The full text of this article

 

Study the impact of land use and over pumping on nitrate concentration in groundwater by using modelling approach
by Rami J. Alghamri; Abdelmajid Nassar
World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development (WRSTSD), Vol. 11, No. 3/4, 2014

 

Abstract: Gaza Strip, a heavily populated area, is a narrow coastal strip on the Mediterranean Sea (360 km²). Groundwater is the only source of drinking water for the majority of the population. However, many human activities greatly threaten the groundwater resources and nitrate was and still is a major groundwater pollutant. Khanyounis, one of the southern governorates of Gaza Strip, is suffering from the highest nitrate concentration in the aquifer. We used a three-dimensional MODFLOW model, paired with MT3D to simulate the southern part of Gaza coastal aquifer including Khanyounis governorate. Subsequently, seven different management scenarios were examined in order to reduce the nitrate in the aquifer over the next 30 years. It was concluded that the most significant parameter effects negatively on the nitrate is the leakage of wastewater followed by over pumping from the aquifer then the using of N-fertilisers. However, combination of these management actions in addition to artificial recharge may lead to nitrate concentration values very close to WHO values in groundwater after 30 years.

Online publication date: Sat, 03-Jan-2015

 

is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

 
Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

 
Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

 
Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development (WRSTSD):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

 

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?


 
Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

 
If you still need assistance, please email subs@inderscience.com