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Knowledge production of firms: research networks and the ''scientification'' of business R&D
by David F.J. Campbell, Wolfgang H. Guttel
International Journal of Technology Management (IJTM), Vol. 31, No. 1/2, 2005
Abstract: Research and Development (R&D) expenditure grew during the 1980s and 1990s. The USA ranks first, Japan second and the EU third. Business R&D displays a cyclical pattern, university research, on the contrary, expanded more gradually. Interestingly, basic research grew faster than applied research. The consequences of this are paralleling efforts for different R&D activities, a re-conceptualisation of applied and university-related research and an increased demand, but also more opportunities, for direct university/business linkages. We will focus in this article on firms, identifying which options they have to meet these challenges. We propose the concept of the ''academic firm''. Through a limited ''scientification'' of business R&D and participation in research networks, firms can enhance their knowledge production.
Online publication date: Wed, 30-Mar-2005
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