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Comparison of hazard area and casualty predictions of a small-scale chemical attack using various toxic load toxicity models
by Jeffry T. Urban; Keith J. Galvin; Nathan Platt; Paul E. Bieringer; George Bieberbach; Andrew J. Annunzio
International Journal of Environment and Pollution (IJEP), Vol. 54, No. 2/3/4, 2014


Abstract: It has been observed that the toxic load model can better account for toxic effects from chemical exposures than Haber's law. However, the toxic load model has been experimentally validated only for steady exposures. We compare four proposed extensions of the toxic load model to the case of time-varying exposures. We conclude that the choice of the toxic load model can be important in consequence assessment studies that use realistic time-varying toxic exposures.

Online publication date: Mon, 13-Oct-2014


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