The full text of this article


Who needs to know? Knowledge LOF risk and the subsidiary staffing decision
by Mikelle A. Calhoun; Linda M. Dunn-Jensen
International Journal of Business Environment (IJBE), Vol. 6, No. 2, 2014


Abstract: This paper analyses knowledge-related liability of foreignness ('KLOF') risk in the context of foreign subsidiary staffing decisions, to explore how the latter affects the former. KLOF risk related to a lack of complete knowledge of the host country is centred at the critical link between specific home country and host country individuals. Assessment of KLOF risk must begin with the question: 'Who needs to know?' Subsidiary staffing decisions shift the location of KLOF risk, changing the answer. To enhance the depth of KLOF analysis, the next step involves assessing knowledge due diligence affecting those with the greatest need for host country information. The central contributions of this KLOF work include identification of the critical link or location of risk affected by staffing decisions, and exploration of knowledge due diligence as the concept that may foster increased understanding of KLOF risk to suggest future measurement and mitigation approaches.

Online publication date: Mon, 31-Mar-2014


is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Business Environment (IJBE):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:


    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email