The full text of this article


Does informal learning benefit from interactivity? The effect of trial and error on knowledge acquisition during a museum visit
by Konstantinos Mikalef; Michail N. Giannakos; Konstantinos Chorianopoulos; Letizia Jaccheri
International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation (IJMLO), Vol. 7, No. 2, 2013


Abstract: Informal learning settings, such as museums and cultural heritage locations, have employed interactive mobile applications. Educators and museum curators recognise the value of interactivity, but the optimum level of interactivity in informal learning remains unclear. We developed an informal learning activity with quiz questions about art theory, which we integrated in a between-groups experimental design with three groups of high-school students at an art gallery. Each of the three groups received a different treatment: (a) an interactive mobile-based learning activity, (b) a paper-based version of the same learning activity, and (c) a self-guided museum tour. Students who enrolled with the interactive version showed higher performance in the post-assessment test when compared to the paper-based version. Notably, the benefits of the interactive version are attributed to the immediate feedback of the quiz application during the visit. Further research should perform similar controlled experiments in order to assess the learning benefit of more immersive interactive systems, such as three-dimensional graphics and augmented reality.

Online publication date: Tue, 30-Jul-2013


is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation (IJMLO):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:


    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email