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Dynamic analysis of Hybrid III 3-year-old child dummy in frontal collisions
by Ahmed Elmarakbi; Vid Krznaric; Khaled Sennah; William Altenhof; Michael Chapman
International Journal of Vehicle Safety (IJVS), Vol. 5, No. 3, 2011


Abstract: This paper focuses on minimising child injuries experienced during frontal vehicle-to-pole collisions by improving on the safety and energy absorption of existing traffic pole structures. A Finite Element (FE) computer model, using LS-DYNA software, is used to simulate crash events to determine the influence of pole structural and material characteristics on the injury parameters of a 3-year-old child dummy occupant. It is concluded that the anchored base support and the embedded pole in soil systems provide desirable crashworthy results. In addition, it is recommended to mandate traffic protection devices in all areas with poor energy-absorbing characteristics that resemble non-deformable objects.

Online publication date: Fri, 07-Oct-2011


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