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Drilling thick composite materials using large diameter drills
by Pierre Rahme, Yann Landon, Pierre Lagarrigue, Frederic Lachaud, Robert Piquet
International Journal of Machining and Machinability of Materials (IJMMM), Vol. 10, No. 3, 2011
Abstract: Composite materials are widely used in aeronautical structures. Assembling the various parts involved requires machining operations, especially drilling. When drilling, a number of defects that diminish the structure breaking strength are propagated. Delamination on hole exit is considered to be the main such defect, this being directly related to the drilling axial force. Determining the drilling critical thrust force at delamination is thus crucial. A number of studies have been conducted into this question but are only applicable to small diameter drilling operations cases. This paper proposes an orthotropic analytical model with the aim of calculating the drilling critical thrust force with a large diameter drill. New assumptions are then proposed. The plate element located under the cutter is broken down into a number of zones in relation to the cutter different active parts. A digital model is developed to validate analytical modelling. Punching tests were also conducted to validate the choices of boundary conditions.
Online publication date: Wed, 31-Aug-2011
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