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Forecasting tourist arrivals to Balearic Islands using genetic programming
by Marcos Alvarez-Diaz, Josep Mateu-Sbert, Jaume Rossello-Nadal
International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics (IJCEE), Vol. 1, No. 1, 2009
Abstract: Traditionally, univariate time-series models have largely dominated forecasting for international tourism demand. In this paper, the ability of a genetic program (GP) to predict monthly tourist arrivals from UK and Germany to Balearic Islands, Spain is explored. GP has already been employed satisfactorily in different scientific areas, including economics. The technique shows different advantages regarding to other forecasting methods. Firstly, it does not assume a priori a rigid functional form of the model. Secondly, it is more robust and easy-to-use than other non-parametric methods. Finally, it provides explicitly a mathematical equation which allows a simple ad hoc interpretation of the results. Comparing the performance of the proposed technique against other method commonly used in tourism forecasting (no-change model, moving average and ARIMA), the empirical results reveal that GP can be a valuable tool in this field.
Online publication date: Fri, 06-Nov-2009
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