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Sustainable development indicators: towards integrated systems as a tool for managing and monitoring a complex transition
by Joachim H. Spangenberg
International Journal of Global Environmental Issues (IJGENVI), Vol. 9, No. 4, 2009


Abstract: The situation for developing indicators is not clear-cut, but characterised by three dilemmata making it particularly challenging. Only by combining a strategic approach with short-term flexibility, the effort can be successful. These dilemmas are characterised as Indicators vs. Indicator Systems, Themes vs. Systems and Governance insufficiencies. To address them, a systematic approach to sustainability indicators is suggested, based on first defining objectives and strategies in a systematic fashion. In a second step, indicators can be derived and boiled down to a set of headline indicators, as illustrated by a set of indicators suggestions resulting from several European research projects.


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