The full text of this article


Research challenges in sustainable strategic management: change and sustainability
by Shawn M. Carraher, M. Ronald Buckley, Charles E. Carraher
International Journal of Sustainable Strategic Management (IJSSM), Vol. 1, No. 1, 2008


Abstract: This paper examines some of the major challenges in performing research on Sustainable Strategic Management (SSM) with an emphasis on accurately assessing the extent to which strategies actually result in true organisational change. The concepts of alpha, beta and gamma change are introduced. Whereas change is a scale recalibration that occurs when a respondent recalibrate the measurement scale over the course of time of a study. Gamma change is a concept redefinition that occurs when a respondent redefines or alters his or her understanding of the concept of interest over the course of a measurement period. All three categories of change should be considered when conducting SSM research.

Online publication date: Fri, 02-May-2008


is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Sustainable Strategic Management (IJSSM):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:


    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email