The full text of this article
Driving automation: learning from aviation about design philosophies
by Mark S. Young, Neville A. Stanton, Don Harris
International Journal of Vehicle Design (IJVD), Vol. 45, No. 3, 2007
Abstract: Full vehicle automation is predicted to be on British roads by 2030 (Walker et al., 2001). However, experience in aviation gives us some cause for concern for the 'drive-by-wire' car (Stanton and Marsden, 1996). Two different philosophies have emerged in aviation for dealing with the human factor: hard vs. soft automation, depending on whether the computer or the pilot has ultimate authority (Hughes and Dornheim, 1995). This paper speculates whether hard or soft automation provides the best solution for road vehicles, and considers an alternative design philosophy in vehicles of the future based on coordination and cooperation.
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