The full text of this article

 

Unsound science? Transatlantic regulatory disputes over GM crops
by Les Levidow, Susan Carr
International Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT), Vol. 2, No. 1/2/3, 2000

 

Abstract: In the risk debate over genetically modified (GM) crops, Europe's regulatory delays have often been branded as ''political'', i.e. not based on science. Yet the US slogan ''sound science'' tends to conceal value-laden features of safety claims, their weak scientific basis, their normative framing and their socio-political influences. By contrast a ''precautionary approach'' can more readily identify scientific unknowns to be investigated, while acknowledging the agricultural-environmental values which inform risk assessment. These issues underlie transatlantic regulatory disputes over insect-protected Bt maize. In both the USA and Europe, public protest has stimulated risk-assessment research on broader cause-effect pathways, as well as more stringent regulation. For harm to non-target insects, however, new evidence of risk has been disparaged as unsound. It has been criticized on various grounds, which could apply just as well to evidence of safety; thus double standards have served to protect safety claims. And non-target harm is deemed acceptable through unsubstantiated comparisons to agrochemical usage. In these ways, ''sound science'' operates as an ideology, pre-empting debate on the framing of scientific uncertainty. The real choice is not between ''science versus politics'', but rather between ways of linking them.

 

is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

 
Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

 
Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

 
Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

 

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?


 
Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

 
If you still need assistance, please email subs@inderscience.com