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The preparation characteristics of hydrogen permselective membranes for higher performance in nuclear hydrogen production
by Ho-Sang Choi, Hyo-Seok Son, Sang-Ho Lee, Gab-Jin Hwang, Ki-Kwang Bae
International Journal of Nuclear Hydrogen Production and Applications (IJNHPA), Vol. 1, No. 2, 2006
Abstract: The thermochemical water-splitting method has been proposed as a clean method for hydrogen production. The IS (iodine–sulphur) process is one of the thermochemical water-splitting processes. The silica membrane to apply in membrane reactor for the HI decomposition reaction improvement of the IS process was prepared by sol-gel and thermal CVD (chemical vapour deposition) methods. In the prepared membrane by sol-gel method, the permeation mechanism of hydrogen and nitrogen gas is dominated with the activated diffusion and Knudsen diffusion, respectively. The activation energy of hydrogen was ca. 5 kJ/mol. In the prepared membrane by thermal CVD method, the deposited silica particle size was obtained less than 11 nm and the deposited thickness layer was about 2 µm. The selectivity of H2 to N2 was 26.3 at 450°C, and the permeance of H2 was 6 × 10-8 mol Pa-1 m-2 s-1.
Online publication date: Tue, 07-Nov-2006
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