The full text of this article
Innovation Policy and Federalism: the German experience
by Helmut Karl, Rudiger Wink
International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy (IJFIP), Vol. 2, No. 3/4, 2006
Abstract: The German Innovation Policy is based on two strategic elements: innovation policy tries to build up innovation infrastructures mainly related to the generation of new knowledge with the help of big science associations. Simultaneously, innovation policy follows mission-oriented objectives (focusing on key technologies) and strives to improve knowledge diffusion (increasing the share of commercialised knowledge). Due to the German Federalism, both strategic elements are located on a federal and Lander level. Therefore, on regional and central level policymakers struggle with similar problems. In particular, the mission-oriented approach suffers from serious knowledge deficits and there is a political failure to pick the 'winners'. In addition, the mix of joint decision and finance schemes and autonomous decision structures on federal and regional levels cause inefficiencies, because not all responsibilities are efficiently allocated. A lack of transparency also exists, because the support schemes and instruments are too complex. Therefore, the division of labour between the federal state and the Lander beyond the infrastructure policy can be improved.
Online publication date: Tue, 18-Jul-2006
is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.
Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.
Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy (IJFIP):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:
Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable).
See our Orders page to subscribe.
If you still need assistance, please email email@example.com