Competition of electric vehicles with other means of road transport over the past 150 years: a survey
by Vadim F. Yakovlev
International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles (IJEHV), Vol. 11, No. 4, 2019

Abstract: Automobiles as a new means of road transport had to compete with horses at the end of the 19th century. Automobiles won the competition because they were faster, cheaper to operate, and produced less pollution. The potential consumer had a choice between vehicles with electric, internal combustion or steam engines in the 1900s. Electric vehicles were considered as more reliable and cost effective. Mass production made gasoline vehicles affordable and easy-to-use. Electric vehicles lost the competition with them since 1910s. Air pollution in large cities has renewed the interest in electric vehicles at the end of the 20th century. Expressions for estimation of well to wheel energy efficiency of electric and gasoline vehicles in miles per gallon have been obtained. Electric vehicles are more well to wheel energy efficient than gasoline cars. Price-performance ratio for electric vehicles today is higher than it was in the 1900s.

Online publication date: Fri, 27-Sep-2019

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles (IJEHV):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email