Frames of the terrorist attack in Sweden: a qualitative study of true and fake news coverage Online publication date: Mon, 09-Sep-2019
by Alexander Thielen; Åke Sivertun; Peder Hyllengren; Aida Alvinius
International Journal of Emergency Management (IJEM), Vol. 15, No. 3, 2019
Abstract: On 7 April, 2017 a terrorist attack occurred, in central Stockholm. A hijacked lorry was intentionally driven into crowds along a pedestrian street. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore how media framed this terrorist attack. The data collection approach was inductive and explorative mainly involving searching electronic media databases. The qualitative analysis of 1294 articles resulted in four overarching themes describing how the terrorist attack was framed in the media. These frames are as follows: the incident, framed as confirmed, unconfirmed and denied information; the perception of leadership and authorities as trustworthy; the site perceived as a place of sorrow; and crisis management framed as the initial and sequential framing of the professionals, the heroes and the villains. The primary conclusion is that true as well as fake news affects crisis management and public opinion, which may create challenges for the entire society within the crisis management area.
Online publication date: Mon, 09-Sep-2019
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