The full text of this article


Application of particle swarm optimisation in load frequency control of interconnected thermal-hydro power systems
by Ashok Mohan Jadhav; K. Vadirajacharya; Elijah Tintius Toppo
International Journal of Swarm Intelligence (IJSI), Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013


Abstract: This paper presents a solution to the LFC problem based on PSO and genetic algorithm (GA). The controller is constructed for a two-area interconnected thermal-hydro power system. The dynamic model of the power system and the controller design based on the model are elaborated in this paper. Exhaustive simulations are carried out using MATLAB/Simulink platform in order to verify the performance of PID controller in LFC problem under various dynamic conditions. Simulation results proved that PSO tuned controller is attractive to the LFC problem in its stability and robustness.


is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.


Existing subscribers:

Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the full text.


Pay per view:

If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Swarm Intelligence (IJSI):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:


    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?


Want to subscribe?

A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.


If you still need assistance, please email