J. for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development (4 papers in press)
Antecedents of network strength in foreign-owned subsidiaries: locational, expatriate, and industrial conditions
by Sven Dahms
Abstract: Although the effects of networks on numerous outcome variables, such as performance or innovation, have been investigated multiple times in the foreign-owned subsidiary literature, relatively little is known about the antecedents of network relationships. This research addresses this gap in applying configuration theory and network perspectives in order to explain network relationship strength in foreign-owned subsidiaries located in the mid-range emerging economy of Taiwan. The data collected from a large scale survey is analysed using fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis method. The results show that there are a number of different solutions that can lead to increased network strength. These solutions, consisting of industrial, locational, and expatriate conditions, also vary with the kind of network. We hence find strong support for equifinality in MNE networks, local non-business networks, and local business networks strength development.
Keywords: foreign-owned subsidiaries; fuzzy sets; expatriates; global cities; geographic distance; fsQCA; networks.
International women entrepreneurs and international opportunity recognition skills for start-up ventures
by Imtiaz Mostafiz, Goh See Kwong
Abstract: Entrepreneurship is an alternative employment source for women in many nations. It has been shown that entrepreneurship is often a male-dominated sphere. However, women with proper skills, knowledge, learning, and support can flourish in entrepreneurial activities. The aim of this paper is to provide deeper insights on international women entrepreneurship by focusing on the success factors of women entrepreneurs, international opportunity recognition skills, and performance of start-up ventures. Building on the extant literature of human capital, social network relationships, and entrepreneurship literature, this study presents a conceptual model predicting the performance of new start-up ventures of women entrepreneurs. The article concludes with important theoretical and practical research implications and provides future research avenues.
Keywords: women entrepreneurship; human capital; social network; work-life support; and international opportunity recognition skills.
Innovation, dynamic capabilities and family firms operating in an emerging economy
by Abel Duarte Alonso, Seamus O'Brien, Seng Kok
Abstract: Drawing on the dynamic capabilities framework (DCF), this exploratory study examines family firms involvement in innovation practices, including reasons and ways to innovate. The cases of four family firms operating in an emerging economy (Uruguay) are investigated. Semi-structured, face-to-face and telephone interviews were conducted with owners and managers, and complemented with email correspondence. Based on the need to solve problems in their industry, firms management were intensively involved in various innovative processes. These processes included quality improvements, responding to a dynamic and competitive business and consumer environment, and extending the life and survival of the family enterprise for future generations. Notably, the importance of sensing and learning in the form of identifying and assimilating key information, and seizing, applying such information to develop or adopt innovation, including new technologies, emerged strongly. The findings also highlight the usefulness of the DCF to understand firms integration, and transformation of learning.
Keywords: innovation; innovative practices; dynamic capabilities; family firms; emerging economy.
Self-direction as potential predictor of undergraduates entrepreneurial intentions
by Kim Hoe Looi
Abstract: Entrepreneurial motivations merit further scholarly research owing to their scientific power to explain and predict entrepreneurial intentions and behaviours. This study bridges two streams of literature from entrepreneurial values and entrepreneurial intentions for new venture creation in the context of 205 students from a Malaysian private university. Additionally, the adoption of rigorously developed and psychometrically validated values and intention measurement instruments, as well as the structural equation modelling technique, advance entrepreneurial intentions research in terms of theoretical sophistication and methodological rigour. Using a comprehensive values model to scrutinise the simultaneous influence of five individualistic values, the results revealed that only self-direction is a significant predictor of undergraduates entrepreneurial intentions for new venture creation. Consequently, this study suggests that self-direction is potentially a universal motivation for new venture creation.
Keywords: entrepreneurial motivations; entrepreneurial values; entrepreneurial intentions; new venture creation; undergraduates; Malaysia.