Forthcoming articles


Journal of Design Research


These articles have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in JDR, but are pending final changes, are not yet published and may not appear here in their final order of publication until they are assigned to issues. Therefore, the content conforms to our standards but the presentation (e.g. typesetting and proof-reading) is not necessarily up to the Inderscience standard. Additionally, titles, authors, abstracts and keywords may change before publication. Articles will not be published until the final proofs are validated by their authors.


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J. of Design Research (3 papers in press)


Regular Issues


  • Pareidolia: characterising facial anthropomorphism and its implications for product design   Order a copy of this article
    by Andrew Wodehouse 
    Abstract: This work highlights the phenomenon of pareidolia the tendency to see faces in the environment, buildings and objects that surround us and establishes its relevance for design contexts. In reviewing literature on anthropomorphism and the use of faces in design embodiment, we have shown that it is a compelling and prevalent facet of how we interpret products. By surveying 2,309 images from across the internet, we provide the first systematic investigation of product types and face characteristics (size, composition, emotion) that are manifest in this phenomenon. The most common instances were shown to be in medium-sized products, where part of the product was interpreted as a face, and that conveyed a happy emotion. The effects of culture and self-congruence are identified as important aspects of our interpretation of facial emotion. It is concluded that the fundamental geometric elements of products should be considered with respect to facial morphology, whether it be the intention to use its effects or not, and set out the case for more quantified guidelines on the use of pareidolia and anthropomorphism in design.
    Keywords: aesthetics; anthropomorphism; emotion; facial representation; pareidolia.

  • Preferred attributes of home energy management products for smart grids:
    by Uchechi Obinna, Peter Joore, Linda Wauben, Angèle Reinders 
    Abstract: This paper presents an insight into end-users perception of smart grid products for households. The analyzed products included three types of home energy management products (HEMPs) namely: smart thermostats, smart plugs and smart wall sockets. The analysis involved existing commercial HEMPs, as well as newly designed HEMPs from a students project executed at University of Twente (Netherlands) in 2013 and 2014. Various industrial design methods were applied, and an online survey was used for data collection. The smart thermostat was considered the product with the greatest potential to stimulate energy-efficient behaviour. Features most preferred by end-users are (1) visual display of energy information, (2) monitoring of energy use of appliances, (3) remote control, and (4) expected ease of use. Appearance also appeared to have influenced the preferences of end-users regarding specific HEMPs. This study highlights the main features that household end-users desire in products that could stimulate energy-efficient behaviour.
    Keywords: smart grid products; home energy management products; energy-efficient behaviour; industrial design methods.

  • Conceptual product design in digital and traditional sketching environments: a comparative exploratory study   Order a copy of this article
    by Jorge Dorribo Camba, Mark Kimbrough, EunSook Kwon 
    Abstract: In the field of product design, conceptual sketching involves not only the rapid creation of ideas, but also the delivery of high-quality drawings with specific aesthetic attributes and a conventional visual style. This paper argues that the workflows and creative output produced by digital sketching during conceptual industrial design activities are comparable, and in some cases enhanced, to those produced traditionally. We report a study where digital sketching was used as the primary conceptual tool to determine the extent up to which this method is equivalent to traditional techniques in an industrial design domain. Traditional and digital sketching data from a group of industrial design students were collected and analyzed to determine the influence of digital technology on production and quality. Although creative dialogues between designer and sketch can occur in both traditional and digital media, our results suggest that digital sketching might aid in producing a higher quality output.
    Keywords: conceptual design; industrial design sketching; ideation; design representation.