International Journal of Knowledge Management Studies (35 papers in press)
Purpose and pattern of Government Information on Twitter-A case of Saudi Arabia
by Abdulrahman Alasem
Abstract: Unlike other forms of social media, the Twitter network has played a significant role in changing the social, economic and political systems of communities around the world. This development has prompted researchers from multiple fields to investigate the micro-blogging site as an important area of study. Despite abundant research on the relationship of Twitter with politics, economics and marketing, however, few studies have addressed government information seeking and use on the site. This deficiency motivated this study, which was designed primarily to determine which Saudi government Twitter accounts are most frequently followed by Saudi users, what motivates these individuals to follow such accounts and how government divisions have performed since their establishment of Twitter accounts. On the basis of data from 373 participants, the findings show that although differences between male and female followers are observed, their concerns and behaviours are, in general, reflected in their online activities. Moreover, although Twitter has improved access to government information and services, it has not advanced the establishment of broad e-Participation concepts.
Keywords: Web 2.0; eGovernment; social network; eGovernment in Saudi Arabia; Twitter; public space.
Examining the relationship between System Quality, Knowledge Quality and User Satisfaction in the Success of Knowledge Management System: An Empirical Study
by J. Prince Vijai
Keywords: Knowledge Management System; User Satisfaction; System Quality; Knowledge Quality; Factor Analysis; Regression Analysis.
Investigating the effectiveness of practicing knowledge management in the hospitality industry: The case of Qatar
by Ahmed Mehrez
Abstract: Managing Knowledge plays a significance role in the delivery of success in different organisations. Hospitality and hotels are not far from this. However, assessing the effectiveness of practicing knowledge management in hotels and despite vital for such sector, seems not deeply searched in some emerging economies such as the case of Qatar. This paper aims to fill in this void in literature by developing and empirically analyse a model exploring if faults exist while practicing knowledge management in hotels in Qatar. Such faults would result in gaps in knowledge which would seriously affect this industry. After examining results from more than 300 hotels in Qatar, findings show that discrepancies would be statistically significant while developing a knowledge management thematic strategy in the Qatari hotels.
Keywords: Knowledge management; Knowledge management practices; Qatar; Gap analysis; designing gaps; implementation gaps.
Evaluating Knowledge Management practices in Indian manufacturing and service industry: an overview
by Kirti Sharma, Vandna Sharma
Abstract: India has witnessed a surge in knowledge management (KM) practices over the past decade but these practices vary from business to business. Recording these practices is important as it provides multiple benefits to the business and inputs for the KM implementation process. Developing a scale to measure KM is relevant both for service and manufacturing sector. Literature review was done to conduct an in-depth analysis of the existing scales followed by instrument development and data collection from 320 employees from eight listed enterprises. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) has been used for validating the scale. The first outcome of the study is the standardized scale which can be used to record KM practices in both manufacturing and service sector. The second is the identification of important KM practices in business - knowledge acquisition, documentation, creation, transfer and knowledge application.
Keywords: Knowledge management; practices; listed companies; service sector; manufacturing sector; performance.
Knowledge Management Factors Affecting Educational Partnerships within the British HE/FE Sector
by Enis Elezi, Christopher Bamber
Abstract: This research seeks to examine the Knowledge Management (KM) factors affecting British rneducational partnerships operating within the HE/FE sector. Authors of this research made use of an rnexisting model, first presented by Reid, D., Bussiere, D., and Greenaway, K. (2001) which discussedrnKM within the stages of a partnership formulation. That model was used in order to further expand rnthe understanding from a KM point of view of an HE partnership. Doing so, enabled the authors to rnproduce a new model that indicates the KM factors found in each of the partnership formulation rnstages proposed in that Reid et al. (2001) model. The research was conducted on qualitative basisrnembracing a case study approach which consisted of three British educational institutions working in rnpartnership. The 21 semi structured interviews extracted information from the executive managersrnand managers who initiated and led the partnership but also administrative staff whom have had a rncrucial role in facilitating the integration of the partnership and collaborative practices. The rnapplication of thematic analysis allowed the researchers to draw a deeper understanding of thernnature of KM factors experienced firsthand by the selected sample and also allowed identification rnand analysis of the role of KM factors in more detail. From that thematic analysis of the case study rnfindings new insights into the KM stages enabled the identified KM factors to be grouped into the rnkey issues of each stage of KM development.
Keywords: Academic Partnerships; KM Factors; British HE/FE Sector; Knowledge Based Institutions; Collaborative Projects.
Using Knowledge Management to Create a Data Hub and Leverage the Usage of a Data Lake
by Matheus Correia Ferreira, Fernanda Bruno Dos Santos, Carlos Eduardo Barbosa, Jano Souza
Abstract: As repositories into which different types of data without pre-processing and modelling can be added, Data Lakes have attracted much interest. They speed up the delivery of data to users and preserve its highest granularity level. That same flexibility can be dangerous. If not managed, it is easy to lose control of the repository because of the volume it holds and its growth. As Data Lakes do not carry the semantics of a regular database, understanding its contents can be cumbersome, which undermines its widespread use within a company, dampening the perception that it has helped data science efforts. This work uses Knowledge Management models as a basis to solve these issues by enriching the data in a Data Lake with information that enhances its usability. Concomitantly, with the use of a data portal platform and suggested metadata, we propose a portal that provides easy access to the Data Lake.
Keywords: data lake; data science; metadata; knowledge management; CKAN.
Accumulation of cultural capital: the acquisition of indigenous knowledge by traditional healers in the Limpopo province of South Africa
by Jan Maluleka, Mpho Ngoepe
Abstract: While the majority of the African population consults traditional healers and depend on indigenous medical knowledge for survival, there is a consensus from researchers that there is limited understanding of how this type of knowledge is acquired and managed. The study sought to investigate how traditional healers in the Limpopo province of South Africa acquired their knowledge of traditional healing. This qualitative study adopted hermeneutic phenomenology research method and utilized snowball sampling technique to determine the population. Data were collected through interviews of twenty-seven (27) traditional healers from the five regions of the Limpopo province. This study was guided by the organizational knowledge conversion theory. The findings suggest different methods of knowledge acquisition among healers. This include formal training where one was chosen and undergoes spiritual training and informally when one or some of the family members are taught about traditional healings by a healer in the family.
Keywords: Indigenous knowledge; knowledge acquisition; Phenomenology; Traditional healers; Limpopo province; South Africa.
Requirement Analysis to Design the Knowledge-Based System for Long Jump Coaching
by Teerawat Kamnardsiri, Worawit Janchai, Pattaraporn Khuwuthyakorn, Permsak Suriyachan, Wacharee Rittiwat
Abstract: This paper presents the requirement for coaching the long jump of sport schools in Thailand. Moreover, Knowledge-Based System (KBS) was designed for improving the long jump of athletes. The telephone interview approach and face-to-face interview approach were used for collecting data from 7 sport schools. There were 11 interview questions to investigate the requirement for the long jump practising. MAXQDA 12, data analysis tool, was employed to generate code and analyse data from interviewees. The results demonstrated that one of the most significant problems of coaching the long jump was the lacking of the system for analysis and suggestion. KBS framework, furthermore, was designed by experts using the knowledge engineering (KE) technique to create IF-THEN rules as well as an algorithm of all phases of the long jump biomechanics. In conclusion, there were many issues of requirements in the sport school, for instance, all of the coaches from sport schools in Thailand required some systems for analysis and suggestion to improve skills of the long jump athletes. Besides, the professional coach needed the suggestion response as soon as possible after long jump had finished. Future works should develop the KBS using the computer vision and image processing techniques, include IF-THEN rules from experts. Additionally, the experiment of the long jump practice with the KBS could be considered for studying the case of the sport schools in Thailand.
Keywords: long jump biomechanics; athletics; sport science; sports school; knowledge-based system; knowledge engineering; computer vision.
Examining the effect of KM Strategy on Knowledge Performance: Mediating role of sharing behavior and enablers
by Pooja K. Singh, M.K. Rao
Abstract: In present knowledge era, sustaining competitive edge and managing excellence requires organizations to develop their strategic orientation towards efficiency, effectiveness and performance. Present study sought to examine the effect of KM strategy (balanced view) on behavioral intention toward knowledge sharing and its subsequent impact on knowledge performance. Several research hypotheses have been formulated and tested empirically to justify proposed framework based on profound theoretical annotations. Structural equation modeling (SEM) using SPSS 22, PROCESS macro and AMOS 20 were applied to test the prepositions after collecting data from knowledge intensive business firms. Study provides empirical evidences for relationship among KM strategy (tacit, explicit), behavioral intent to share knowledge and performance. Later section of the study offers theoretical and managerial implications followed by limitations suggestions and concluding remark.
Keywords: Tacit knowledge strategy; Explicit knowledge strategy; Knowledge sharing; KM enablers; Knowledge Performance; Organizational excellence.
Obstacles to Knowledge Sharing in Engineering Organizations: A Quantitative Approach
by Iram Mushtaq, Ali Rizwan
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to identify the factors creating hindrance in the process of knowledge sharing in engineering organizations. The population consisted of employees from different engineering organization including manufacturing, supplier, textile, chemical, civil and agricultural organizations. A survey method was employed for the study and data was collected through a questionnaire using Likert scale. The suitable returned questionnaire accounted for 623 out of 1200. The data included employees of different education level like graduate engineers, DAEs, technical workers. The most dominant factor was Communication among Employees followed by Trust, Task Interdependence, Organizational Structure, Reward and Recognition, and Attitude. It was also found that there was significant difference in the impact of knowledge sharing factors on knowledge sharing due to gender and job level of employees which depicts the presence of vertical organization structure and gender biasness. Analysis of factors affecting knowledge sharing in engineering organizations in Pakistan has been largely ignored. The findings of the study will give a direction to the organization to work on significant factors that can create hindrance in the way of proper knowledge sharing.
Keywords: Knowledge sharing; trust; task interdependence; organizational structure; reward and recognition; attitude.
Knowledge sharing and organisational culture: The hidden moderator for competitive advantage
by Hayati Abdul Jalal, Paul Toulson
Abstract: This research assesses how organisations cultural values moderate employee perceptions of their knowledge sharing capability (KSC) for their perceptions of achieving knowledge sharing success (KSS). Specifically, it seeks to examine how organisational culture (OC) moderates the relationship between employees KSC and KSS. Hierarchical regression analysis was utilised to analyse survey data of a sample of 270 employees from four Malaysian Information Technology (IT) organisations. Employees who rate themselves high in KSC exhibit higher levels of KSS, when the organisation nourishes high values of expertise and formal collaboration. The relationship between KSC and KSS is weaker when either formal collaboration or expertise is perceived to be lower. This research represents an early work on knowledge sharing that examines how employees KSC within different cultural value orientations respond to KSS. It discusses implications for human resource management (HRM) practices.
Keywords: Knowledge sharing capability; Knowledge sharing success; Organisational culture; Human resource management; Malaysia.
Can Effective Communities of Practice Enhance Stakeholder Satisfaction?
by Jyoti Jagasia, Debasis Mallik
Abstract: Communities of practice (CoP) can influence the perceived customer value. Effective stakeholder related knowledge transfer can help in value creation by building positive relationships between organizations and their stakeholders. Communities of Practice are the social tools to connect, engage and share knowledge in organizations. Effective CoP can help the organization in several ways like reduction in costs due to reduced mistakes and rework, process improvement leading to better productivity and quality of output, enhanced learning leading to both employee and market development, innovation in products and/or services, customer satisfaction etc. This research focuses on understanding the impact of effective CoP interventions on the organizations abilities to demonstrate learning (DL), take actions on lessons learnt (TALL) and influence business outcomes (BO). Based on a survey of 223 respondents who have participated in successful organizational initiatives related to Knowledge management (KM) and Communities of Practice (CoP)s, this study uses a multivariate general linear model to analyse the findings. The findings suggest that effective CoPs are capable of influencing organizations to demonstrate learning, take actions on lessons learned and improve business outcomes. The study discusses the implications of these findings and offers directions for future research.
Keywords: Knowledge Management; Communities of Practice,CoP; business performance; organizational learning; cultivated communities of practice,.
KNOWLEDGE CONVERSION PROCESSES AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE
by Venugopal Prabhakar, Larisa A. Savinkina
Abstract: The research was aimed at assessing the influence of Knowledge conversion processes on organizational performance. The SECI framework was utilized to discuss knowledge conversion processes Socialization, Externalization, Combination and Internalization. Organizational performance was taken as comprising of operational excellence, client intimacy, product leadership and financial performance. The oil and gas industry is a major industry in the middle east and an oil and gas company was considered for administering a structured questionnaire to test the influence of knowledge conversion processes on organizational performance. Research data analysis proves the relationship of knowledge conversion processes on all factors of organizational performance.
Keywords: Socialization; Externalization; Combination; Internalization; Organizational performance.
Explaining the Role of Customer Knowledge in Gaining Satisfaction and Brand Equity from the Customers Viewpoint
by Abdolrahim Navehebrahim, Farzaneh Yousefi
Abstract: The present study explores the role of dimensions of customer knowledge (for, about, and from customer) in gaining satisfaction and brand equity from his/her viewpoint. This study is applicable from objective aspect and descriptive-field from methodological aspect. The statistical population included 400 university students(Amirkabir University of Technology, Iran University of Science and Technology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Shahid Beheshti University, Kharazmi University). Researcher self-made questionnaire(its face validity was confirmed by the professors and experts and its construct validity was confirmed via factor analysis). was employed for data collection. The collected data was analyzed by means of Amos and SPSS software and the results of structural equations confirm the research hypotheses regarding direct correlation among dimensions of customer knowledge, satisfaction and brand equity from the customers viewpoint.
Keywords: Customer Knowledge; Knowledge for Customer; Knowledge from Customer; Knowledge about Customer; Customer Satisfaction; Brand; Brand Equity.
Agility and Cloud Computing: Key Enablers for Knowledge Management Systems Implementation in Algerian Small to Medium-Sized Organisations
by Mohamed Amine Mostefai, Mohamed Ahmed-Nacer
Abstract: The Implementation of Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) necessitates an important investment in human resources and IT infrastructure. Most of Small To Medium-Sized Organisations (SMOs), especially from emerging markets countries cannot afford the implementation of this kind of systems traditionally reserved to resourceful organisations. On the other hand, the last decade has known an increasing interest in the domains of agility and cloud computing. The main contribution of this paper is to present through two case studies, how two Algerian SMOs have leveraged agility and/or cloud computing to implement KMS. The main findings of a qualitative data collection process are that 1) SMOs are attracted by the facts that the agile-based method require fewer human resources and 2) after an obvious reluctance, SMOs consider that cloud-based externalised infrastructure are not only interesting at the financial level but also, at the administrative level.
Keywords: Agility;Cloud Computing;Knowledge Management System;Small to Medium-Sized Organization;Algeria.
Change readiness and knowledge sharing in organisational setting: Evidence from software houses
by Muhammad Asrar-ul-Haq, Anam Iqbal
Abstract: Managing change successfully is a main challenge in the sphere of organisational change management. For organisation, managers must understand accelerating factors which can augment employees' performance for change readiness. The research study investigates the relationship between employee change readiness and knowledge sharing and their overall impact on employee performance in software houses, Pakistan. This study aims to examine the mediating effect of knowledge sharing in the relationship between change readiness and employee performance to increase overall organisational effectiveness. Through quantitative study, data is collected from 340 employees and is analysed through Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). Results reveal that knowledge sharing fully mediates between change readiness and employee performance and, without knowledge sharing culture, change readiness cannot bring fruitful results in organisational settings. Being the empirical study, that seeks to extend literature on how knowledge sharing elements mediate between change readiness and employee performance in the organisation. To offer more contextualised conclusion, the study focuses on the phenomenon of change readiness and knowledge sharing within the software industry.
Keywords: Individual readiness for change (IRFC); knowledge sharing; employee performance; software houses.
Investigating the Use of ICT Tools for Knowledge Sharing among Faculty Members in UAE
by Abdoulaye Kaba, Chennupati K. Ramaiah
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the use of ICT tools for knowledge sharing among faculty members in United Arab Emirates (UAE). It also reports demographic differences in using the tools and identifies the ICT tools used most for knowledge sharing by the participants. Data were collected through an online survey questionnaire instrument. A total of 300 faculty members from 26 universities and colleges accredited by the UAE Ministry of High Education participated in the study. T-test and ANOVA test are used to validate the stated hypotheses. The study found email the most ICT tools used by respondents for knowledge sharing. From the demographic analysis, male and public university faculty members are found using ICT tools for knowledge sharing than female and private university faculty members. Similarly, 46-55 age group, Ph.D. degree holders, Assistant Professor, IT faculty members, and faculty members with more than 11 years experiences in teaching and research lead the use of knowledge sharing tools among age groups, qualifications, academic ranks, specializations, and teaching or research experience. Meanwhile, findings of the study revealed significant differences among faculty members in relation to age, qualifications, and specializations. The differences are found significant between 36-45 age group against 46-55 group, between Ph.D. degree holders and other degree holders, and between IT against Engineering, Business, HSS, and also Medicine versus HSS. However, no significant differences found among the respondents in relation to gender, institutional affiliation, academic rank, teaching and research experiences.
Keywords: knowledge management; knowledge sharing; ICT; knowledge workers; faculty members; universities; colleges; UAE.
Understanding KAIZEN Practice in Japanese Overseas Manufacturing: a Framework
by Takafumi Nakamori, Kiyoshi Takahashi, Bernard T. Han, Derrick McIver
Abstract: The ultimate purpose of KAIZEN is to assure that a company becomes stable with long perpetuity. While findings from existing research are broad and meaningful, none of them has focused on ways to explain how an environment can be created for successful KAIZEN deployment. Also, it is unclear if companies studied by the prior research are still operating or not. In this paper, we collected data from seven Japanese overseas manufacturing subcontractors that have continued their long-term operations with KAIZEN since their founding year. We present a framework to interpret that two necessary and complementary factors, secure climate and collective mato, must co-exist to stimulate voluntary contributions that are essential to Kaizen success, which may not otherwise occur if either factor is missing. From this study we present propositions that yield insights into KAIZENs overseas applications along with a theory that deserves further study and validation.
Keywords: KAIZEN; knowledge sharing; secure climate; collective thinking; voluntary contribution; psychological attachment.
Knowledge Management Evaluation Criteria for Industries: Identification and Interpretive Structural Modeling
by MOHIT MAHESHWARKAR
Abstract: Today, organizations are focusing of different aspects of knowledge management (KM). KM has emerged itself as one of the promising disciplines for the organizations. In spite of having a lot of literature available and ongoing research, the concept of KM suffers from some of the basic problems; and one of such problems is evaluation. Organizations face problems in evaluating the efforts of KM. One of the basic reasons behind this problem is intangible nature of knowledge. Another but equally important problem is the generalization of KM evaluation procedures. No, doubt there are a lot of research papers available heading evaluation of KM, but all govern different KM evaluation procedures. This research paper tries to find out the generalized KM criteria using the concept of factor analysis. The research work includes the identification of 44 KM evaluation criteria followed by a survey of 232 candidates, belong to both manufacturing and service organizations from different provinces of India, and, then generalization of results using principal component analysis. As the last stage of the research, interpretive structural modeling (ISM) approach is also applied to an identify set of criteria in order to investigate the existing interrelationships among them.
Keywords: Knowledge management (KM); Evaluation criteria; Principal component analysis (PCA); Interpretive structural modeling (ISM).
Determinants that influence Knowledge Sharing: An Integrated Literature Review
by Islam Md. Zahidul, Sajjad Jasimuddin, Ikramul Hasan
Abstract: There has been a long-standing interest in the study of knowledge transfer among researchers. The paper proposes a conceptual model for understanding factors that influence on knowledge sharing and organizational effectiveness. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to link potential relationships. This article puts forward several propositions that bring key forces involved in sharing knowledge for organizational effectiveness. This paper postulates a number of influential relationships among the constructs which have an impact on effectiveness in organizations. The conceptualization of the proposed relationships between forces, knowledge sharing and organizational effectiveness are expanded, using IT as a moderator in the linkage. By proposing a conceptual model, this paper provides a number of practical implications to enhance our understanding on organizational effectiveness from the knowledge management perspective.
Keywords: Knowledge Sharing; Information Technology; Organizational Effectiveness.
Knowledge withholding in sharing knowledge within an organisation: The shadowy impediment in spreading innovation
by Anupam Kumar Das, Li Yi, Md. Aftab Uddin
Abstract: Both academia and corporate concerns consider the importance of knowledge sharing between organisational members because the dissemination of innovation through an organisation is linked directly to company competitiveness. Success has been still acute, regardless of the efforts to increase knowledge sharing in organisations. The appropriate transfer of knowledge is crucial to be creative and spread the innovation within an organisation. This paper links knowledge sharing (KS) with knowledge withholding (KW), which is meant to interrupt this transfer and also different from related concepts like knowledge barriers, deception, aggression etc. Firstly, this study suggests KS and KW are distinct as well as independent and links with Herzbergs two-factor theory, to prove and clarify the difference. Secondly, KW, which has not rightly meant in courtesy of knowledge sharing in earlier studies, is defined as a shadowy barrier. Thirdly, this shadowy term is classified along with its nature and appearances. Lastly, we recommend that in dyadic relations, KW activates a reciprocal psychological distrust loop that hamper spreading of innovation, using social exchange th"email@example.com" size="30" />
Keywords: Knowledge sharing; knowledge withholding; two-factor theory; social exchange theory; reciprocal psychological distrust loop; innovation.
Transformational leadership on followers creativity: an empirical study
by Jaithen Al Harbi
Abstract: This study is an investigation into relationship between transformational leadership and innovation at the organizational level and creativity at the individual level as an empirical study in the public sector in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). rnA survey instrument was adapted to obtain the date from different organizations. A Self-administrated questionnaire was distributed to employees who were randomly selected from a public organization. rnThe results show that transformational leadership is positively and significantly correlated to the followers creativity and organizational innovation. Furthermore, positive and significant relationships were found between followers creativity and organizational innovation. In addition, the relationship between the transformational leadership and followers creativity through the mediating role of employee psychological empowerment, support for innovation, workplace relationship, and employee learning were found positive and significant. However, intrinsic motivation does not significantly mediate the relationship between transformational leadership and creativity.rnThe methodology adopted for this study can be extended for similar studies in the Middle East or in GCC countries. The key contribution that this research study makes is built on the comprehensive theoretical frame which investigates the factors that influence transformational leadership to enhance followers creativity and organizational innovation in the public sector organizations in Saudi Arabiarn
Keywords: transformational leadership; Organizational Learning ; followers creativity; innovation leadership; creativity; KSA.
The Role of Knowledge Sharing Approaches to Help Internal Knowledge Sources to Create Firm Innovation
by Tieng Kimseng
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to empirically investigate the important role of Knowledge Sharing Approaches (KSAs) as mediators between Internal Knowledge Sources (IKSs) and Firm Innovation. There are 111 surveys collected from presidents, owners, directors, managers, and chief executive officers of Thai manufacturing firms in 2016. Results indicate that, first, the documentation helps the source of knowledge such as middle manager in-charge, line group manager, and R&D personnel to transform into the firm process innovation. Second, the documentation and group discussion mediate the R&D personnel to create firm product innovation. Thus, the documentation and group discussion are critically important to mediate the ideas from the source of knowledge to become the innovation.
Keywords: product innovation; process innovation; knowledge sharing approaches; knowledge creation; top management; group discussion; on-the-job-training; documentation; informal circle; internal knowledge sources; idea initiators; mediator.
Knowledge Management: An Integrative Approach Literature Review
by Elham Elshafie
Abstract: This paper is primarily a review and analysis of the literature associated with the field of Knowledge Management. In particular, it focuses on investigating how authors are measuring and addressing the implementation of KM in organizations. Existing KM models lack the integrative viewpoints. This paper is covering this gap by providing the integrative approach. That focuses on the integration of two essential approaches; KM as process and KM as infrastructure. A total of 250 articles published in peer-reviewed journals are carefully reviewed. Based on the content analysis the theoretical, and empirical antecedents in the field of KM had been explored. By integrating insights drawn from the previous studies as well as adding some new factors, the author proposed an integrative approach for the comprehensive understanding of KM. For academics, the proposed model provides a guide for future applied research and offers a critical review of significant knowledge measurement studies.
Keywords: Knowledge Management –Knowledge Management processes – Knowledge creation –Knowledge Sharing - Knowledge Utilization - Knowledge Management Infrastructure- Knowledge worker - Knowledge Technology - Knowledge Culture.
Impact of Knowledge Sharing on Virtual Team Projects
by A.,. Seetharaman, Nitin Patwa, V.P. Porkodi, Indu Niranjan, Veena Jadhav
Abstract: Purpose In recent studies there has been much interest in sharing knowledge across virtual team projects, especially in the Information Technology (IT) industry. Virtual teams have become more prevalent in the IT industry, making use of varied culture, time zones and talents across the geography. This research examines the impact of knowledge sharing on virtual team projects the relationship between impact of knowledge sharing and the factors influencing the same. Design/Methodology/Approach: The impact of knowledge sharing and the influencing factors are modelled, and the hypotheses are defined. These were tested with a sample of 241 respondents from IT and finance industry throughout the geography covering Asia Pacific, North and South America, Europe and the Middle East. Findings: Research findings indicate that the majority of the hypothesized paths are significant and accepted. Also, they indicate that the individual variables Internal Barriers, Interpersonal Conflicts, Composition of Team and Skills required for the team members have a positive relation to knowledge sharing. However, Time-Cost trade off does not have any impact on knowledge sharing Research limitations/implications: The research context could limit the generalizability of the findings. The data collected constituted only 3% from Europe and 2% from the Middle East and Africa. The analysis was majorly based on the Asian and American population. Although many companies from the IT industry in Europe and the Middle East and Africa experience knowledge sharing, the analysis of the data was concentrated on the Asian and American population. In addition, since the cultural characteristics of Asians and Americans differ from those of other countries, caution should be taken when generalizing the findings to the context of knowledge sharing Originality/value: A review of the literature shows that many studies have been conducted on the knowledge-sharing barriers and use of various data processing methods to find the outcomes of the influencing factors that drive the impact of knowledge sharing. However, very limited studies have been done on the impact of knowledge sharing and how the influencing factors contribute to the impact
Keywords: Knowledge Sharing; Knowledge Management; Virtual Teams; Knowledge-Sharing Barriers.
Impact of Organizational Culture and People factors on Knowledge Management Process- Case study in an IT Service company
by Sumathi G. N., Stephan Thangaiah I S, Sundharam V.N.
Abstract: Competition from corporate, peers as well as global, small and medium enterprise (SMEs) are major challenges to retain skilled manpower and customer base which is highly crucial for Information Technology (IT) based service industry. Employee attrition has reduced operational efficiency and customer dissatisfaction. This has resulted in profit margin. The SMEs studied and adopted different process to address these issues and found knowledge management as the best option. The implementation of knowledge management lies within organization culture and people factors: trust, self- efficacy, openness to change and enjoyment in knowledge sharing. The study aims to examine the relationship of organizational culture and people factors with the knowledge management process. The study is conducted in an IT service provider company that has implemented knowledge management since five years. Descriptive analysis, correlational analysis and Structural Equation Modeling-using SmartPLS are used for analysing the data. The results emphasized that organizations have to give importance to build culture fostering shared vision and collaboration. Moreover trust among employees is needed to build positive peer relationship for promoting the activities of knowledge management process.
Keywords: Organizational culture; trust; self-efficacy; knowledge sharing; knowledge management process; SmartPLS.
Knowledge Management Enablers Practices among Indian Higher Educational Institutions
by Ashima Chawla
Abstract: Purpose The main purpose of the study is to identify the enablers which highly influence the knowledge management practices in Indian higher educational institutions. The aim of this study is realized by identifying the respondents perception regarding each and every item of knowledge management enablers dimensions i.e. mutual trust, technology, organization structure and collaboration.
Design/methodology/approach The study involved 225 research scholars and 225 faculty members from nine higher educational institutions. The respondents were required to respond to a five point likert scale from strongly agree to strongly disagree. The collected data was then analyzed using the SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 software packages. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted followed by confirmatory factor analysis. Descriptive and statistical data analyses were also performed on various dimensions of knowledge management enablers.
Findings The researcher extracted that more than half percent of the respondents were strongly agreed and agreed towards each and every items of knowledge management enablers dimensions. Technology, Collaboration and Organization structure were identify as the enablers which influence the knowledge management practices among Indian higher educational institutions.
Keywords: Mean; Mean Rank; Knowledge Management Enablers Scale; Indian HigherrnEducational Institutions.
Special Issue on: ICOM2015 Knowledge Management and Business Competitiveness
Creating Competitive Advantage through Informal Networks: Evidence from Indian Healthcare Industries
by Eeman Mallick (Basu), Hare Ram Tewari, Lalatendu Kesari Jena
Abstract: Informal networks, interactions, relationships and bonds are integral parts of organizational mechanisms. They evolve out of interactions among individuals over a period of time in the organizational context, but are difficult to capture within the formal roles, procedures and responsibilities. Organisational experts have the opinion that informal networks have a profound association with organisational productivity and competitive advantage. Keeping this in view, the present study was designed to empirically examine the relationship between informal networks (social capital, organisational citizenship behaviour, and social identity) and competitive advantage. Data were collected from 501 respondents working different healthcare organisations in Kolkata, India by using standardized scales of social capital, organisational citizenship behavior (OCB) and competitive advantage. The data were analyzed using structural equation modelling (SEM). The results revealed that informal networks significantly and positively influence competitive advantage. The findings of the study suggested important implications for organizations to nurture informal networks towards creating and sustaining organizations competitive advantage.
Keywords: Informal networks; Social capital; OCB; Competitive advantage.
Study of Knowledge Management Models and their relevance in Organizations
by Saurabh Mittal, Vikas Kumar
Abstract: Advances in the domain of information sharing and communication have generated huge volumes of data in last few decades. Data stored for the various business activities becomes important for performance measurement, corrections, modification, enhancement and venturing into other dimensions of business. Along with this data, other important source of information are the people, which may be direct/indirect stakeholders. These people might be having vast experience and great knowhow of the business processes, which may be very much critical to the business strategy and operations. On the other hand, the modern Information Technology Management tools have made it easy to manage the information from different sources, resulting into the domain of knowledge management. The present work traverses the journey of knowledge management discipline from an organizational perspective considering the different levels of organizations. Different dimensions of the knowledge management have been identified along with the different resources. Prominent knowledge management models have been identified and a comparative analysis has been presented. Various knowledge management tools have been considered to meet the needs of the modern businesses for management of information and generation of knowledge.
Keywords: Knowledge Management; KM Solutions; KM Models.
Special Issue on: Future Trends in Software-based Knowledge Management Processes
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT BASED SUPPLIER SELECTION OF WIND TURBINE MANUFACTURER SUPPLY CHAIN
by Kumar P, John Rajan A
Abstract: Knowledge Management process (KM) is the stepping stone of several industries development and supply chain management process because, 25% of the industries does not have direct relation between the organizational learning and material requirements of the particular product. The unawareness of the knowledge management and organization learning leads to create several difficulties such as developer does not have specific information about supply information also losing sensitive supply information which reduces the turnover of the particular industry. So, in this paper introduces the knowledge management based Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) for gathering the effective supply information. Along with the AHP method, ABC analysis process is used to estimate the critical items while selecting the suppliers. The developed system helps to identify the exact suppliers; critical components involved in the supplier selection process also develop the multi criteria model for selection of supplier. At the time of supplier selection process the method uses the Gear box concept which utilizes the several knowledgeable informations such as cost of the material, quality of the material, delivery process, consistency of the material and stability. The examined knowledge Management process based supplier chain selection process reduces the difficulties present in the industry. In this paper, wind industry material supplier selection process is discussed as case study.
Keywords: Knowledge Management; Wind Industry; Supplier Chain management; Analytical Hierarchy Process.
KNOWLEDGE BASED NON-FUNCTIONAL SOFTWARE DISTINGUISHING QUALITY EFFORT ESTIMATION USING FUZZY USE CASE POINT APPROACH
by Frank Vijay J.
Abstract: Knowledge management along with data analytic process provides the collection of information which helps to examine both qualitative and quantitative software information. During the knowledge based data examination process, Software Effort Estimation (SEE) is an organized approach to increase the Efficiency and Reliability of a software development process in various organization and helps enhance software products by using the analyzed knowledgeable data. Software Effort Estimation based on function point or use case point (UCP) methods provide only fixed estimation value which cannot deal with the uncertain and ambiguous conditions of the particular software. This work attempts to provide a fuzzy effort estimation procedure for use case model based on non-functional aspects using proposed fuzzy inference rules. This paper also proposes a metric to calculate the enhanced use case points with the fuzzy membership function for examining the software distinguishing quality. The proposed approach has been validated against the goal-driven use case point model, tree-boost model, Regression model and traditional use-case model. The obtained results are high and show better performance than those obtained by the existing methods.
Keywords: Knowledge Management; Software Effort Estimation; Data Analytics; Use-Case Point; Fuzzy Rules; Non-functional aspects; Tree-boost model; Regression model.
RETRIEVING KNOWLEDGEABLE INFORMATION FROM CLOUD USING TRAPEZOID-BASED MULTI-KEYWORD QUERY RANKING WITH WEIGHTED DISTRIBUTED FUNCTION
by KARTHIKA LEKSHMI, VIGILSON PREM
Abstract: Collection of knowledgeable information is available in cloud and growing at an exponential rate and this scope makes the organization and accessing of data critical for efficient use of knowledgeable information. In order to obtain the desired outcome, users heavily rely upon the cloud information retrieval methods. Many research works have been conducted in the field of knowledge related information retrieval using a keyword dictionary and SQL-like encrypted queries. However, effective ranking of complex query pose significant challenges. In this paper, to efficiently rank the query on cloud services a method called, Weighted Fuzzy Multi-Keyword Rank Query (WFM-KRQ) is introduced. The ranking of the WFM-KRQ method is based on associating a query with a fuzzy rule, applying a weighted distribution function for assessment and a pruning technique based on a threshold value. Weighted Fuzzy Multi-Keyword is generated using the encrypted Repeat Key Rotate algorithm which effectively improves the performance rate of knowledgeable cloud data sharing services. Experimental analysis shows that the proposed method is able to reduce the processing time and improve the retrieval rate on handling complex queries when compared to the state-of-the-art works.
Keywords: Knowledgeable Information Retrieval; Keyword Dictionary; Encrypted Queries; Weighted Fuzzy Multi-Keyword; Weighted distribution function.
RELIABLE ARMY KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT PROCESS USING PERCEPTION TACIT KNOWLEDGE WITH XENOGENEIC DEEP NEURAL NETWORKS
by P.R. Jasmine Jeni, R. Palson Kennedy, K. Sakthidasan Sankaran
Abstract: Knowledge Management is the process of providing tacit knowledge for gathering, analyzing data to perform particular examination in different applications such as software engineering, business industry, education, military and so on. Among the various applications, reliability of the army management process is one of the major issues due to lack of details about particular commanding section, training section. So, in this paper introduces the reliable army knowledge management system by using the knowledge base machine learning approach. Initially battle, training and commanding knowledgeable informations are collected by using perception tacit knowledge process. The collected army knowledges are examined by applying the xenogeneic deep neural network which analyzes the data by splitting different domains for making the developments in different knowledge process such as human resource analysis, army organization, and their competitiveness and so on. The collected knowledge information used to improve the performance of army management. Then the excellence of the system is evaluated in terms of experimental study.
Keywords: Knowledge Management; reliable army knowledge management; xenogenetic deep neural network; cultural tacit knowledge process.
DEVELOPMENT OF KNOWLEDGE-BASED SENTIMENT ANALYSIS SYSTEM USING LEXICON APPROACH ON TWITTER DATA
by B.L. Velammal
Abstract: In todays digital world, Knowledge Management systems aim at extracting semantic and knowledgeable information by examining natural language impressions. Sentiment analysis is one of the main issues in natural language impression because it reflects personal thoughts of people. Social networking sites such as Twitter are becoming an integral part of our daily lives, contributing to a large increase in the growth of knowledgeable data. It is one of the sources of information especially for detecting sentiment or interest of people, since they often express honest opinion through tweets. Although knowledgeable sentiment analysis is a well researched topic in text, analyzing Twitter data has additional challenges since the data is unstructured with abbreviations and without a strict grammatical correctness. So, in this paper we propose to use a lexicon based approach to analyze knowledge based sentiment from tweets. We use a set of words with pre-defined polarity model to pick out polarity words with semantic scores assigned to them by classifying them using Na
Keywords: Knowledgeable information; sentiment analysis; Lexicon approach; Naive Bayes classification; Natural Language Processing; POS tagging.
IMPLEMENTING CO-OPERATIVE BACTERIAL FORAGING OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM BASED RESOURCES AND VM MANAGEMENT IN IaaS Cloud
by Karthikumar SK, Chitra P
Abstract: In cloud computing, Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) placed a crucial role for providing the enormous services to the user based on the demands. The infrastructure provides the components such as server, networking hardware, storage, visualization for making the system power effective. Even though the IaaS provides various resources, it has still issues such as cost expensive, responsible for backup, VM management is fully depends on the customer, make span for resource provisioning in scientific work flow and no control of VM location. Among the various issues, cost and make span is one of the major issues which leads to reduce the entire resource allocation process. So, in this paper introduces the Co-operative Bacterial ForagingOptimization Algorithm (CBFOA) for optimizing the resource allocation activities while user requesting various scientific application in the infrastructure resources in cloud. Initially, the BFO method allocates the resources according to the bacterial function such as chemo taxis, swarming, reproduction, elimination and dispersal process which examines the user request according to the animal food searching process. During the searching process, the search space has been determined with the help of hybrid search space optimization algorithm which handle the decision depending on the search space. This scientific application process is worked continuously for allocating the resources and manages the virtual resources in IaaS in cloud environment successfully. In addition to this, user requested work load has been traced by cyber shake which used to examines the resource provisioning activities and trace the status of the particular task with effective manner. Then the excellence of the system has been implemented with the help of cloudsim tool and the efficiency is examined in terms of experimental results and discussions.
Keywords: cloud computing; Scientific applications; Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS); VM management; Co-operative Bacterial Foraging Optimization Algorithm (CBFOA); cloudsim tool.