Special Issue on: "Tourism and the Triple Crisis"
Matilde Córdoba Azcárate, City University of New York, USA, and Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Javier Caletrío, Lancaster University, UK
Misela Mavric, Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus
The term ‘Triple Crisis’, or ‘Triple Crunch’, is becoming part of the vocabulary of journalists, academics, policy and opinion makers. ‘Triple Crisis’ refers to the combination of the three interlinked crises of global reach:
- the financial crisis,
- the crisis derived from accelerating climate change and
- the crisis associated with an infringing peak in oil production.
Together, these crises threaten to develop into a ‘perfect storm’ with the potential to significantly disrupt international economic exchanges, spread political instability, reduce standards of living by imposing new austerity regimes and further advance environmental degradation (Panitich et alii. 2010; Urry 2011). Despite the significance that these processes have for a highly volatile global industry such as tourism, the relationships between these interrelated crises and tourism places and policies remain largely unexplored.
The aim of this special issue is twofold:
- to analyse the socio-political, economic, spatial, material, affective and environmental dimensions of tourism encounters and dis-encounters with the contemporary financial, environmental and oil production crises, and
- to explore how these diverse crises gain local expression in different destinations.
In so doing, this special issue seeks to contribute to both tourism research and practice in a combined manner. It will specifically develop with novel perspectives current approaches to tourism crisis management (Pforr and Hoise, 2009); it will bridge the gap between tourism studies and the burgeoing social science literature on crisis (e.g. Birtchnell and Büscher 2010; Cohen, 2010), and it will provide an arena of empirically grounded materials to orient future tourism policy-making.
Tourism, as a recognized signifier of broader contemporary socio-cultural, economic and political processes and as a privileged vehicle for its situated understanding, can provide original insights into these crises, their relationships and shared ambivalences, their everyday performances and heterogeneous expressions. As has been largely corroborated, tourism is central for the global articulation of different flows of people, work, capital and ideas (Bauman, 1998; Cresswell and Merriman 2010). It is one of the major forces transforming space (Baherenholdt et al. 2004; Coleman and Crang, 2002; Harvey, 2006; Sheller, 2003) and stands as one of the preferred economic development policies around the globe ( UNWTO, 2009).
Tourism has proved to be a highly resilient and flexible activity and as such it is largely promoted as an alternative development strategy in post-disaster scenarios (Beirman, 2008; Glaesser, 2006; Ritchie, 2009). However, the tourism industry is also deeply affected by the recent global economic crisis and environmental decay ( Henderson , 2007; Papatheodorou et alii 2010).
These crises have questioned the viability of well established destinations and destabilized or inhibited the development of emergent and less popular ones. Socially and environmentally unsustainable practices associated with mass tourism and mainstream alternative tourism practices do not seem able to cope for example with the uncertainties posed by climate change and the financial meltdown. As a result, a greater number of tourist destinations face increasingly problematic futures.
To examine the role of the contemporary crises in tourism activities, places, experiences and imaginaries becomes an issue of foremost importance in the formulation of more sustainable and inclusive tourism policies and research agendas. To unravel the way in which the Triple Crisis gains local expression in emergent or established tourism destinations in its encounter with other crises, such as the fiscal crisis, water and food crisis, health crisis, legitimacy crisis and crisis in crisis-management, crisis in the trust in science, rationality crisis, environmental crisis, etc., is one of the necessary steps towards crafting a better future for the activity and also for those who depend on it as a way of living.
- Baerenholdt, J.O; Haldrup, M; J. Larsen J.; Urry, J. (2004) Performing tourist places. Ashgate: Cornwall.
- Bauman, Z. (1998) Globalization. The human consequences. Columbia University Press .
- Beirman, D. (2008) 'Marketing of tourism destinations during prolonged crisis: Israel and the Middle East ', Journal of Vacation Marketing: an international journal for the tourism and hospitality industries, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 167-176.
- Birtchnell, T., Büscher, M. (ed.) (2010) Stranded: An Erupton of Disruption. Special Issue. Mobilities, vol. 6, no. 1.
- Cohen, E. (2010) Tourism crises: a comparative perspective, in International Journal of Tourism Policy, vol. 3 no. 4 pp. 281-296.
- Coleman, S., Crang, M. (ed.) (2002) Tourism. Between place and performance. Oxford : Berghahn Books.
- Cresswell, T., Merriman, P. (eds.) (2010) Geographies of Mobilities: Practices, Spaces, Subjects. Ashgate.
- Glaeser, Dirk (2006) CrisisManagement in the Tourism Industry, Elsevier.
- Harvey , D (2006) Spaces of Global Capitalism: Towards a Theory of Uneven Geographical Development. Verso.
- Henderson , J. (2007) Tourism Crises: causes, consequences and management. Butterworth-Heinemann.
- Panitch, L. Albo G. and Chibber, V (eds) (2010) Socialist Register 2011: The Crisis This Time, LeftWord Books.
- Papatheodorou, A., Rosselló, J., Xiao, H. (2010) Global Economic Crisis and Tourism: Consequences and Perspectives, Journal of Travel Research February 2010 vol. 49 no. 1 pp. 39-45.
- Pforr, C. and Hosie, P. (2009) Crisis management in the tourism industry: beating the odds? Ashgate.
- Ritchie, B. W. (2009) Crisis and disaster management for tourism. Bristol , Channel view publications.
- Sheller, M. (2003) Consuming the Caribbean : From Arawaks to Zombies . New York , Routledge.
- Urry, J., (2007) Mobilities, Polity Press.
- Urry, J. (2011) Climate change and society, Polity Press.
- UNWTO (2009) Roadmap for Recovery: Tourism & Travel, A Primary Vehicle for Job Creation and Economic Recovery. Madrid , Spain : United Nations World Tourism Organization.
This issue invites contributions that explore in detail one or more of the following themes:
- Tourism, development and crisis:
- tourism and the crisis of the Welfare State
- tourism and the 2008 financial meltdown
- economic and social polarisation
- social rights, conspicuous consumption and the super-rich
- Tourism and crisis derived from natural hazards or human catastrophes
- Tourism and the governance of crisis, resilience, adaptability, urban flexibility
- Tourism and the relationship between financial crisis, real estate development, and tourist landscapes
- Tourism and regimes of growth based on finance; tourism and financial crisis
- Tourism and knowledge based economies, the New Green Deal
- Tourism, environmental crisis and oil production
- Tourism new policies on crises management
- Tourism practices and experiences of crisis in consolidated and/or emergent tourism destinations
- Tourism mobilities, immobilities and moorings in post-crisis scenarios
- Imaginaries of tourism crises
- Tourism crises and the crisis of tourism as an industry
- management of tourism crises
- commodification of natural and cultural resources
- Tourism knowledge and the Triple Crunch
- Tourism, crisis and future scenarios, tourism and the creation of spaces of hope
Notes for Prospective Authors
Submitted papers should not have been previously published nor be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. (N.B. Conference papers may only be submitted if the paper was not originally copyrighted and if it has been completely re-written).
All papers are refereed through a peer review process. A guide for authors, sample copies and other relevant information for submitting papers are available on the Author Guidelines page
Deadline to receive abstracts and communication of accepted contributions: 1 October, 2011
1st main draft sent to editors and papers sent to reviewers: 28 February, 2012
Feedback from reviewers received and sent to authors: 30 May, 2012
Final texts submitted to editors and special issue sent to Journal for publication: 30 July, 2012
Editors and Notes
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