World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development   »   2017 Vol.13, No.3

 

 

Title: Sustainability improvement in cacao supply chain agro-industry

 

Authors: Iphov Kumala Sriwana; Yandra Arkeman; Dahrul Syah; Marimin

 

Addresses:
Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Esa Unggul University, Indonesia
Department of Agro-industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
Department of Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
Department of Agro-industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

 

Abstract: One of the problems in the cocoa agro-industry supply chain is the low income of farmers, causing the land conversion which leads to its sustainability. The purpose of this study was to improve the critical attributes of each sustainability dimension which causes continuous decrease. The methods used were multidimensional scaling (MDS), interpretive structural modelling (ISM) to describe the attributes' connection, SWOT matrix strategy and the House Model to design a strategy formulation for the institutional model. The results showed that the sustainability index was 43.07% (less sustainable). The sustainability improvement proposed were the efficient use of fertilisers and pesticides, the usage of waste for fertiliser also for other income and institutional design. The efficiency achieved was 709 Indonesian rupiah (IDR) per kg of fertilised and 60 IDR per kg of pesticides. Institutional designed in this study was able to facilitate the fulfilment of knowledge and financial requirement of facilities and infrastructure for cocoa processing from plantations up to post-harvest.

 

Keywords: multidimensional scaling; MDS; interpretive structural modelling; ISM; SWOT analysis; cacao agro-industry.

 

DOI: 10.1504/WRSTSD.2017.10008102

 

World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 2017 Vol.13, No.3, pp.256 - 275

 

Date of acceptance: 19 Mar 2017
Available online: 28 Sep 2017

 

 

Editors Full text accessAccess for SubscribersPurchase this articleComment on this article