World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development   »   2017 Vol.13, No.3

 

 

Title: Simultaneous electrocoagulation of dam water and production of hydrogen

 

Authors: Arturo Bailón-Martínez; Thelma Pavón-Silva; Jorge G. Ibanez; Gabriela Roa-Morales

 

Addresses:
Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Paseo Colón Intersección Paseo Tollocan S/N, C.P. 50120 Toluca, Estado de México, México
Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Paseo Colón Intersección Paseo Tollocan S/N, C.P. 50120 Toluca, Estado de México, México
Universidad Iberoamericana, Prolongación Paseo de la Reforma 880, 01219 México DF, México
Centro Conjunto de Investigación en Química Sustentable UAEM-UNAM, Carretera Toluca-Atlacomulco, km 14.5, Unidad El Rosedal, C.P. 50200 Toluca, Edo. Mex., México

 

Abstract: The aim of this project was to design, build, and test a novel electrolyser for the simultaneous electrocoagulation of dam surface water and production of hydrogen. Costs were reduced by using stainless steel (SS) and aluminium (Al) electrodes. However, operating the electrolyser with SS as the anodic material and Al as the cathodic material released up to 5.2 mg/L of chromium into the treated water. To prevent chromium release the SS anode was replaced with an Al anode, which yielded an average hydrogen production efficiency of 35.3% and an average hydrogen purity of 92.6%. In a novel scheme, the reactor simultaneously produced cathodic hydrogen and electrocoagulated surface water, which removed colour, turbidity, hardness, chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrates, nitrites, ammonia nitrogen, and total coliforms. There are several advantages to using this system instead of the traditionally used proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolyser: a) surface water can be used without pretreatment; b) a membrane is not required for gas separation; c) hydrogen production and surface water treatment can be conducted simultaneously; d) the reactor can be coupled directly to a solar energy system.

 

Keywords: hydrogen production; electrocoagulation; paired processes; simultaneous processes; solar energy; surface water.

 

DOI: 10.1504/WRSTSD.2017.10008099

 

World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 2017 Vol.13, No.3, pp.238 - 255

 

Date of acceptance: 01 Mar 2017
Available online: 28 Sep 2017

 

 

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