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Title: An understanding of factors influencing retention of African-American undergraduate students in computer science
Authors: Giti Javidi; Ehsan Sheybani
Information Technology, University of South Florida Sarasota Manatee (USFSM), 8350 N Tamiami Trail, Sarasota, FL 34243, USA
Information Systems and Decision Science, University of South Florida Sarasota Manatee (USFSM), 8350 N Tamiami Trail, Sarasota, FL 34243, USA
Abstract: This paper describes factors that best predict intention among African-American undergraduate students to persist in the computer science (CS) major at two historically black colleges and universities (HBCU). The question posed in this study is: How might universities promote the attainment of African-American students in CS? To answer that question, we believe the right question to ask is "Why do those students who succeed in attaining a degree in CS, select and stay in the program?" rather than "Why do they drop out of CS program?" We explore this question by examining characteristics of African-American students who persist in the CS field. Although limited to two HBCUs, this study sheds light on strategies for improving retention computer science based on the characteristics/experiences of those who have persisted in the program.
Keywords: STEM; science, technology, engineering and mathematics; persistence; African American; retention; minority; computer science; enrolment.
Int. J. of Innovation in Education, 2017 Vol.4, No.1, pp.66 - 78
Submission date: 26 Jan 2017
Date of acceptance: 20 Jul 2017
Available online: 06 Sep 2017