Int. J. of Technology Enhanced Learning   »   2017 Vol.9, No.2/3

 

 

Title: The known universe of reflection guidance: a literature review

 

Authors: Angela Fessl; Oliver Blunk; Michael Prilla; Viktoria Pammer

 

Addresses:
Ubiquitous Personal Computing, Know-Center GmbH, Inffeldgasse 13/6, 8010 Graz, Austria
Clausthal University of Technology, Human Centered Information Systems, Julius-Albert-Str. 4, 38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
Clausthal University of Technology, Human Centered Information Systems, Julius-Albert-Str. 4, 38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
Knowledge Technologies Institute, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 13/5, 8010 Graz, Austria

 

Abstract: Reflective learning has been established as a process that deepens learning in both educational and work-related settings. We present a literature review on various approaches and tools (e.g., prompts, journals, visuals) providing guidance for facilitating reflective learning. Research considered in this review coincides common understanding of reflective learning, has applied and evaluated a tool supporting reflection and presents corresponding results. Literature was analysed with respect to timing of reflection, reflection participants, type of reflection guidance, and results achieved regarding reflection. From this analysis, we were able to derive insights, guidelines and recommendations for the design of reflection guidance functionality in computing systems: (i) ensure that learners understand the purpose of reflective learning, (ii) combine reflective learning tools with reflective questions either in form of prompts or with peer-to-peer or group discussions, (iii) for work-related settings consider the time with regard to when and how to motivate to reflect.

 

Keywords: guidance for reflection; literature review; reflective learning; reflective learning tools.

 

DOI: 10.1504/IJTEL.2017.10005148

 

Int. J. of Technology Enhanced Learning, 2017 Vol.9, No.2/3, pp.103 - 125

 

Available online: 20 May 2017

 

 

Editors Full text accessAccess for SubscribersPurchase this articleComment on this article