Int. J. of Accounting and Finance   »   2016 Vol.6, No.2

 

 

Title: Accounting for property investment: an examination of the value relevance of unrealised gains and losses recognised under IAS 40

 

Authors: Walid Alhusaini; Mostafa Elshamy

 

Addresses:
Accounting Department, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 5486 Safat, 13055, Kuwait
Accounting Department, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 5486 Safat, 13055, Kuwait

 

Abstract: The main objective of this study is to examine the relevance of fair value accounting for investment property permitted under IAS 40. This will be achieved by examining the value relevance of unrealised gains and losses reported in the income statement in explaining stock prices for real estate companies listed in Kuwait stock exchange. The study examines further the impact of unrealised gains and losses on the incremental explanatory power of earnings and compares the explanatory power of book value of equity to that of earnings. The results indicate that unrealised gains and losses recognised under IAS 40 have no incremental information content over net income before unrealised gains and losses and that the inclusion of unrealised gains and losses in income numbers decreases the explanatory power of the valuation model and decreases the incremental explanatory power of earnings relative to that of book value. The results indicate further that the incremental explanatory power of earnings exceeds the incremental explanatory power of the book value of equity when unrealised gains and losses are excluded from the earnings measure. These results question the fair value method permitted under IAS 40.

 

Keywords: value relevance; property investment; international accounting standards; IAS 40; fair value accounting; unrealised gains; losses; income statements; stock prices; real estate; Kuwait; earnings.

 

DOI: 10.1504/IJAF.2016.079087

 

Int. J. of Accounting and Finance, 2016 Vol.6, No.2, pp.100 - 117

 

Submission date: 19 Jul 2015
Date of acceptance: 11 Feb 2016
Available online: 09 Sep 2016

 

 

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