Int. J. of Nanomanufacturing   »   2016 Vol.12, No.1

 

 

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Title: Microstructure and formation process of gradient structure of self-diffusion composite tool materials

 

Authors: Wenbin Ji; Bin Zou; Chuanzhen Huang; Jun Wang

 

Addresses:
Centre for Advanced Jet Engineering Technologies (CaJET), School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China; Key Laboratory of High-Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Shandong University, Ministry of Education, China
Centre for Advanced Jet Engineering Technologies (CaJET), School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China; Key Laboratory of High-Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Shandong University, Ministry of Education, China
Centre for Advanced Jet Engineering Technologies (CaJET), School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China; Key Laboratory of High-Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Shandong University, Ministry of Education, China
Centre for Advanced Jet Engineering Technologies (CaJET), School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China; Key Laboratory of High-Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Shandong University, Ministry of Education, China

 

Abstract: A self-diffusion gradient composite tool material, which was composed of Ti(C7,N3)-based cermet as the substrate and TiB2 composite as the surface layer, was fabricated by a layer-by-layer method and a vacuum hot-pressing sintering technology at 1,500°C for 30 min under 32 MPa. A new diffusion layer was formed automatically by the self-diffusion of elements. The microstructure and elements distribution of the polished cross-section and fracture surface were investigated. The results showed that the distribution of C, N, Co and Ni elements exhibited a nonlinear change in the gradient structure zone and the fracture mode of each layer was different. A process modal with three stages was set up to describe the formation process of gradient structure. The composite was composed of the surface layer, diffusion layer and substrate. The thickness of surface layer and diffusion layer was approximately 150 µm and 50 µm, respectively.

 

Keywords: self-diffusion; microstructure; tool materials; formation process; gradient structure; composite materials; composites; fracture mode; sintering; Ti(C7N3); cermets; titanium diboride; TiB2.

 

DOI: 10.1504/IJNM.2016.076157

 

Int. J. of Nanomanufacturing, 2016 Vol.12, No.1, pp.55 - 63

 

Submission date: 02 Sep 2015
Date of acceptance: 27 Nov 2015
Available online: 26 Apr 2016

 

 

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