Title: Collaboration with foreign universities for innovation: evidence from Chinese manufacturing firms
Authors: Xiaolan Fu; Jizhen Li
Technology and Management Centre for Development, Department of International Development, University of Oxford, 3 Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TB, UK
Research Center for Technological Innovation, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
Abstract: While prior research has focused upon the role of university-industry linkage in the promotion of innovation, there has been little research distinguishing the different roles of domestic and foreign universities in this pursuit. This paper explores the different impacts of domestic and foreign universities on innovation performance in emerging economies using a national firm-level survey database from China. It finds that international innovation collaboration with leading universities in other developing countries, especially with those in the Newly Industrialised Economies and the emerging South, is fruitful in enhancing the creation of ground-breaking innovations in indigenous Chinese firms. In contrast, the contribution of universities in the USA/EU/Japan is significantly beneficial to foreign-invested firms. Collaboration with domestic universities has played a significant role in the diffusion of advanced technology in China.
Keywords: innovation performance; international collaboration; university-industry cooperation; technology management; China; foreign universities; manufacturing industry; emerging economies; domestic universities; technology diffusion; advanced technology.
Int. J. of Technology Management, 2016 Vol.70, No.2/3, pp.193 - 217
Date of acceptance: 08 Mar 2015
Available online: 05 Mar 2016