Int. J. of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology   »   2016 Vol.11, No.1

 

 

Title: Existence and release of sodium in Zhundong coal: effects of treating temperature and silica additives

 

Authors: Tao Yang; Xuebin Wang; Houzhang Tan; Bo Wei; Shuanghui Deng; Limeng Zhang; Huiyan Zhang

 

Addresses:
MOE Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shannxi 710049, China
MOE Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi 710049, China
MOE Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi 710049, China
MOE Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi 710049, China
MOE Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi 710049, China
MOE Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi 710049, China
Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control of Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, China

 

Abstract: Zhundong coalfield is the largest integrated coal basin in China and has been only recently discovered. Zhundong coal contains a high amount of sodium, which induces severe slagging. In this study, the existence and transformation of alkali and alkali earth metals in Zhundong coal were investigated, and the effects of treating temperature and silica additives were determined. The results show that most of the Na and partial Ca species in raw Zhundong coal and ash were soluble. Sulphates were found in ash and did not decompose until 1,150°C. In the ash prepared at 500°C, a specific amount of MgCa(CO3)2 was found in the ash and decomposed at >600°C. The release of Na during ashing is mainly attributed to water-soluble Na because of the insignificant change in the acid-soluble and insoluble Na content in ash with increasing treating temperature. Silica additives have an effective function in capturing Na species at high temperatures. With increasing additive mass, the relative content of water-soluble Na is significantly reduced, but more water-insoluble Na is retained in the residual ash. [Received: May 10, 2014; Accepted: August 21, 2014]

 

Keywords: Zhundong coal; combustion; ash; sodium; SiO2; silica additives; China; alkali earth metals; temperature; sulphates.

 

DOI: 10.1504/IJOGCT.2016.073774

 

Int. J. of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 2016 Vol.11, No.1, pp.63 - 74

 

Available online: 22 Dec 2015

 

 

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