Int. J. of Procurement Management   »   2015 Vol.8, No.5



Title: Continuous review inventory model with reducing lost sales rate under fuzzy stochastic demand and variable lead time


Authors: Hardik N. Soni; Kamlesh A. Patel


Chimanbhai Patel Post Graduate Institute of Computer Applications, Ahmedabad – 15, India
Department of Mathematics, Shri U.P. Arts and Smt. M.G. Panchal, Science and Shri V.L. Shah Commerce College, Pilvai, India


Abstract: The present study considers a continuous review inventory system for the inventory model involving fuzzy random demand, variable lead-time with lost-sales (backorder) caused by stock-out. Two forms of capital investment cost function viz. logarithmic and power are employed to reduce the lost-sales rate. We first formulate the basic model mathematically by assuming expected demand as triangle fuzzy number along with the capital investment to reduce lost-sales rate. As a result, the demand during lead-time is fuzzy random variable which is the linear sum of the weekly demand during the lead-time period. Consequently, the total weekly cost of this model is also fuzzy random in nature. Hence the expected total weekly cost is fuzzy valued function. To defuzzify the expected total weekly cost, we use the signed distance method. A computer program using the software MATLAB is developed to obtain the optimal solution and provide numerical examples to illustrate the models. Moreover, sensitivity analysis is carried out with respect to the key parameters.


Keywords: inventory modelling; fuzzy random variables; FRV; lost sales rate; variable lead times; procurement; continuous review; fuzzy stochastic demand; backorders; stockouts; capital investment; fuzzy logic.


DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2015.070899


Int. J. of Procurement Management, 2015 Vol.8, No.5, pp.546 - 569


Available online: 22 Jul 2015



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