Title: A comparison of the dynamics of inflation in the USA and Japan: a VAR-VEC analysis
Authors: Livia Fraccalvieri; Mattia Rosada; Emiliano Sironi
Department of Economics, University of Verona, Vicolo Campofiore, 2 – Verona 37129, Italy
Department of Market Analysis, Forecasting and Structuring, Edison Spa, Foro Buonaparte 31, Milano 20122, Italy
'P. Baffi' Centre on Central Banking and Financial Regulation, Università L. Bocconi, Via Roentgen 1, Milan 20136, Italy
Abstract: This paper examines inflation dynamics in the USA and Japan from 1980Q1 to 2013Q2. Changes in inflation, unemployment, output gap and policy interest rate behaviours during the last Great Recession that hit the US and Japanese economies are considered. According to a vector autoregression and VEC analyses, we found that even if there is evidence that inflation and unemployment are I (1), there is not a long-run inflation-unemployment tradeoff for the USA. Surprisingly, a short-run inflation-unemployment trade-off is very weak in Japan. This study is consistent with the opinion that the relationship between these two variables is not stable in either the short run nor in the long run: unemployment shows Granger causality with inflation but the opposite is not true in the USA. There is no Granger causality for Japan. We also find evidence that monetary policy lost its power in the US and Japanese real economies after the 2008 crisis.
Keywords: Phillips curve; VAR models; VEC models; inflation dynamics; USA; United States; Japan; unemployment; output gap; interest rates; vector autoregression; monetary policy; financial crisis.
Int. J. of Monetary Economics and Finance, 2014 Vol.7, No.4, pp.266 - 287
Submission date: 21 Sep 2014
Date of acceptance: 12 Oct 2014
Available online: 25 Feb 2015