Title: Poland's innovation strategy: how smart is 'smart specialisation'?
Authors: Miroslaw Miller; Tomasz Mroczkowski; Adrian Healy
International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures, Polish Academy of Sciences, Gajowicka Str. 95, 53-421 Wrocław, Poland
Department of International Business, Kogod School of Business, American University, 4400 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington, 20016, DC, USA
Cardiff School of Planning and Geography, Cardiff University, Glamorgan Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, Wales CF10 3WA, UK
Abstract: Poland urgently needs to look to new sources of economic growth, particularly through strengthening of R&D in the economy. European investment funds will be critical for this, with a strong emphasis on the novel policy concept of smart specialisation. The paper assesses the opportunities and challenges of this approach, providing a diagnosis of the state of R&D&I system and the current state implementation of smart specialisation strategies (RIS3) in Poland. It finds that awareness of the RIS3 concept is still weak among Polish stakeholders at a regional level and that the involvement of enterprises, researchers and local governments in the process of 'entrepreneurial discovery' will be a key challenge for Poland, as will be the implementation of evaluation and monitoring systems. The article concludes with a discussion of the problems that need to be resolved to reap the full benefits of a smart specialisation approach and discusses some of its limitations.
Keywords: Poland; European Union; new member states; research and development; R&D; innovation systems; economy competitiveness; economy development; smart specialisation; regional policy; globalisation; entrepreneurial discovery; entrepreneurship; innovation strategy.
Int. J. of Transitions and Innovation Systems, 2014 Vol.3, No.3, pp.225 - 248
Submission date: 12 Oct 2013
Date of acceptance: 19 Apr 2014
Available online: 04 Nov 2014