Title: Economic development and environmental quality: a cross-section analysis for Asian countries
Author: Gunjan Malhotra
Address: Institute of Management Technology, Raj Nagar, Hapur Road, Ghaziabad-201001, Uttar Pradesh, India
Abstract: The paper aims to explore emissions of SO2, NO2 and SPM along with few other emissions in Asian countries in 2007. The countries considered for the study are China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The environmental Kuznets' curve (EKC) is applied to explore the relationship between economic development measured in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and the different air quality parameters for Asian economies. The study has made use of multiple linear and quadratic regression and EKC hypothesis at country level in Asia using cross sectional data. We find that trade tends to reduce three measures of air pollution SO2, NO2 and SPM. Statistical significance is high for SO2 concentration, followed by NO2 concentration. Although results for other environmental measures are not so encouraging, there is little evidence that trade has a detrimental effect on the environment in the Asian region. There are very few studies being conducted exclusively for Asian countries. This research will be helpful for policy makers, politicians and businessmen working on environmental issues.
Keywords: economic development; environmental quality; Asia; air pollution; environmental Kuznets curve; EKC; air quality; China, India; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; gross domestic product; GDP; greenhouse gases; GHG emissions; international trade.
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, 2013 Vol.14, No.3/4, pp.211 - 229
Available online: 29 Jan 2014