Title: The relevance of International Financial Reporting Standards to Kazakhstan: perception of auditors
Authors: Aminah Abdullah; Iqbal Khadaroo; Nurlan Zhameshov
Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham Hill, TW20 0EX, UK
Essex Business School, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, CO4 3FT, Colchester, UK
Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited (DTTL), Almaty, 0500509, Kazakhstan
Abstract: This paper discusses the relevance of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) to emerging economies in general and Kazakhstan in particular. It uses evidence from interviews conducted with senior auditors from two Big Four accountancy firms in Kazakhstan and prior studies exploring IFRS implementation in emerging economies to shed light on how complex institutional and cultural factors influence accounting. The findings suggest that accounting practices in Kazakhstan are dominated by the historically inherited institutionalised accounting system of the Soviet Union era, when corporate reporting was primarily geared towards meeting the needs of government agencies such as Statistics Committee and tax authorities. The main problems of implementing IFRS in Kazakhstan were pressures to comply with tax codes and the early stage of development of the accounting profession with the consequent lack of IFRS expertise and deficient IFRS enforcement mechanisms.
Keywords: International Financial Reporting Standards; IFRS implementation; accounting; emerging economies; Kazakhstan; auditing; institutional factors; cultural factors; culture; tax codes; IFRS enforcement.
Int. J. of Accounting and Finance, 2014 Vol.4, No.3, pp.305 - 322
Date of acceptance: 07 Sep 2013
Available online: 08 Dec 2013