Title: The engaged university and institutional changes in Portuguese innovation systems
Authors: João Guerreiro; Hugo Pinto
Research Centre of Spatial and Organizational Dynamics, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139, Faro, Portugal.
Centre for Social Studies, Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal; Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, Faculdade de Economia – Edifício 9, 8005-139, Faro, Portugal
Abstract: Universities are today expected to contribute not only to education and knowledge production but also to development. This article contributes to debate the role of universities in the dynamics of innovation systems. A framework to analyse specific innovation systems is suggested, focusing particular attention on regional level. The idea is to characterise a regional innovation system by endowments in territorial, relational, intangible and institutional resources. New functions of university in this framework are identified. Knowledge production and human capital training are now added with knowledge transfer, technological innovation, leadership promotion, science and technology infrastructures and qualification of the regional cultural, civic and sportive environment. An introduction to Portuguese recent institutional change illustrates achievements and tensions. The importance of the university is better explored under the scope of innovation systems.
Keywords: regional innovation systems; RIS; university research; third stream; knowledge production; knowledge transfer; institutional change; Portugal; human capital training.
Int. J. of Transitions and Innovation Systems, 2012 Vol.2, No.1, pp.72 - 90
Available online: 22 May 2012