Title: Intellectual property (IP) governance in ICT firms: strategic value seeking through proprietary and non-proprietary IP transactions
Authors: Birgitte Andersen; Ainurul Rosli; Federica Rossi; Waraporn Yangsap
Big Innovation Centre, The Work Foundation, 21 Palmer Street, London, SW1H 0AD, UK.
University of Wolverhampton Business School, University of Wolverhampton, MN Building, Nursery Street, City Campus North, Wolverhampton, WV1 1AD, UK.
School of Business, Economics and Informatics, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London, WC1E 7HX, UK.
School of Business, Economics and Informatics, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London, WC1E 7HX, UK
Abstract: This article investigates how firms exploit various forms of intellectual property (IP), often at the same time, in order to organise their strategic value seeking. The analysis is based upon confidential micro-data involving a survey of a set of 38 firms in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector in the UK. The article shows how three quarters of those firms exchange different types of proprietary (patents and copyright) and non-proprietary (open source and trade in non-patented technology) IP, in order to realise specific kinds of strategic value related to financial gain, competitive positioning, innovation and strategic alliances or relationships. The important role of alternative types of IP governance models (including various licensing forms, and other) associated with specific value seeking behaviours is also illustrated. The findings open up an important line of enquiry into the relative advantages conferred by different forms of IP markets and IP governance forms, and these insights in turn can provide useful indications to policymakers interested in promoting firms' ability to exploit their IP.
Keywords: intellectual property; IP governance; patents; copyright; open source; ICT sector; UK; United Kingdom; non-patented technology; strategic value; financial gain; competitive positioning; innovation; strategic alliances; licensing; information technology; communications technology.
Int. J. of Intellectual Property Management, 2012 Vol.5, No.1, pp.19 - 38
Submission date: 20 Dec 2010
Date of acceptance: 19 Jul 2011
Available online: 14 Mar 2012