Title: Channels of interaction in health biotechnology networks in South Africa: who benefits and how?
Author: Glenda Kruss
Address: Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag x9182, Cape Town 8000, South Africa
Abstract: The promotion of university-industry linkages in developing countries is contested, given high levels of poverty, inequality and human development needs. A recent research trend offers new insights that can shift the terms of debate and inform differentiated policy approaches in a more contextually appropriate way. The focus is a framework to analyse the benefits and risks associated with different channels of university-firm interaction. The paper analyses case studies of diverse channels of interaction in the health biotechnology sector in six research groups based in two South African universities, a sector prioritised for its potential to enhance global competitiveness and address social problems. Analysis demonstrates the complexity of the ways in which combinations of channels are engaged in the practice of health biotechnology research groups to meet multiple economic and intellectual goals. The framework requires further refinement, but points to the importance of targeted policy attempts not only to support those channels that are likely to have the greatest benefits, but equally, to mitigate the risks of specific channels, particularly the social risks to knowledge generation and diffusion or to growing a new industrial sector.
Keywords: university-industry interactions; health biotechnology; South Africa; higher education; universities; networks; linkages; developing countries; poverty; inequality; human development; interaction channels; benefits; risk mitigation; research groups; global competitiveness; social problems; multiple goals; economic goals; intellectual goals; social risks; knowledge generation; knowledge diffusion; industrial sectors; technological learning; technological innovation; technological development; development policies; R&D; research and development.
Int. J. of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, 2012 Vol.5, No.1/2, pp.204 - 220
Available online: 13 Jan 2012